Intrinsic Doping in Electrodeposited ZnS Thin Films for Application in Large-Area Optoelectronic Devices

Article English OPEN
Madugu, Mohammad Lamido ; Olusola, Olajide Ibukun-Olu ; Echendu, Obi Kingsley ; Kadem, Burak ; Dharmadasa, I (2016)

Zinc sulphide (ZnS) thin films with both n- and p-type electrical conductivity were grown on glass/fluorine-doped tin oxide-conducting substrates from acidic and aqueous solution containing ZnSO4 and (NH4)2S2O3 by simply changing the deposition potential in a two-electrode cell configuration. After deposition, the films were characterised using various analytical techniques. X-ray diffraction analysis reveals that the materials are amorphous even after heat treatment. Optical properties (transmittance, absorbance and optical bandgap) of the films were studied. The bandgaps of the films were found to be in the range (3.68–3.86) eV depending on the growth voltage. Photoelectrochemical cell measurements show both n- and p-type electrical conductivity for the films depending on the growth voltage. Scanning electron microscopy shows material clusters on the surface with no significant change after heat treatment at different temperatures. Atomic force microscopy shows that the surface roughness of these materials remain fairly constant reducing only from 18 nm to 17 nm after heat treatment. Thickness estimation of the films was also carried out using theoretical and experimental methods. Direct current conductivity measurements on both as-deposited and annealed films show that resistivity increased after heat treatment.
  • References (5)

    R.K. Pandey, S.B. Sahu, and S. Chandra "Handbook of semiconductor electrodepotion" Allen H. Hermann, marcel dekker, inc. New York, (1996).

    O.K. Echendu "Thin film solar cells using all-electrodeposited ZnS and CdTe material" Doctoral Thesis, 106, Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield, United Kingdom.

    J.D. Joseph and R.C. Neville, Journal of Applied physics, 48 (5), 1941-1945 (1977).

    A.U. Ubale and D.K. Kulkarni, Bull. Material science, 28, 43-47(2005).

    Gosavi and R. Sharma, Journal of Alloys and compounds 453, 519-524 (2008).

  • Metrics
    views in OpenAIRE
    views in local repository
    downloads in local repository

    The information is available from the following content providers:

    From Number Of Views Number Of Downloads
    Sheffield Hallam University Research Archive - IRUS-UK 0 207
Share - Bookmark