Unity Through Diversity: A Case Study of Chrislam in Lagos

Article English OPEN
Janson, Marloes (2016)
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • Subject: 200 | 8580

This article presents an ethnographic case study of Chrislam, a series of religious movements that fuse Christian and Muslim beliefs and practices, in its socio-cultural and political-economic setting in Nigeria’s former capital Lagos. Against conventional approaches to study religious movements in Africa as syncretic forms of ‘African Christianity’ or ‘African Islam’, I suggest that ‘syncretism’ is a misleading appellation for Chrislam. In fact, Chrislam provides a rationale for scrutinizing the very concept of syncretism and offers an alternative analytical case for understanding its mode of religious pluralism. To account for the religious plurality in Chrislam, I employ assemblage theory as it proposes novel ways for looking at Chrislam’s religious mixing that are in line with how its worshippers perceive their religiosity. The underlying idea in Chrislam’s assemblage of Christianity and Islam is that to be a Christian or Muslim alone is not enough to guarantee success in this world and the hereafter and therefore Chrislam worshippers partake in Christian as well as Muslim practices, appropriating the perceived powers of both.
  • References (20)
    20 references, page 1 of 2

    Adesoji, A. (2010) „The Boko Haram uprising and Islamic revivalism in Nigeria‟, Africa Spectrum 45 (2): 95-108.

    Asad, T. (1993) Genealogies of Religion: discipline and reasons of power in Christianity and Islam. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. (2003) Formations of the Secular: Christianity, Islam, modernity. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

    Baird, R. (1991) Category Formation and the History of Religions. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

    Barber, K. (1981) „How man makes God in West Africa: Yoruba attitudes towards the “Orisa”‟, Africa 51 (3): 724-45.

    Bayat, A. (2007) „Radical religion and the habitus of the dispossessed: does Islamic militancy have an urban ecology?‟, International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 31 (3): 579-90.

    Bennett, J. (2010) Vibrant Matter: a political ecology of things. Durham: Duke University Press.

    Bruder, E. (2008) The Black Jews of Africa: history, religion, identity. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    Collier, S. J. and A. Ong (2005) „Global assemblages, anthropological problems‟ in A. Ong and S. J. Collier (eds), Global Assemblages: technology, politics, and ethics as anthropological problems. Malden: Blackwell Publishing.

    Cooper, B. M. (2006) Evangelical Christians in the Muslim Sahel. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

    Danfulani, U. H. D. (2005) The Sharia Issue and Christian-Muslim Relations in Contemporary Nigeria. Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell International.

  • Metrics
    0
    views in OpenAIRE
    0
    views in local repository
    462
    downloads in local repository

    The information is available from the following content providers:

    From Number Of Views Number Of Downloads
    SOAS Research Online - IRUS-UK 0 462
Share - Bookmark