Towards a unified treatment of Spanish copulas
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Arche, Maria J.
- Publisher: John Benjamins
This paper sets the basis for a uniform account of the alternation between the two Spanish copulas (ser and estar) in adjectival and passive clauses. While the copular contrast has been attributed to the different properties of adjectives (e.g. individual vs. stage level) and to an eventive vs. resultative stative dichotomy in passives, this work shows that they all behave alike regarding their temporal interpretation. We derive such uniformity from the syntactic properties of the copulas themselves: estar, includes an additional component ser lack that makes everything it merges with stative, with particular temporoaspectual properties.
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