"Learning to live with what you can't rise above": control beliefs, symptom control, and adjustment to tinnitus.

Article English OPEN
Sirois, F.M. ; Davis, C.G. ; Morgan, M.S. (2006)
  • Publisher: American Psychological Association

The relations between 3 types of perceived control, symptom severity, and 2 adaptational outcomes, depressive symptoms and psychological well-being, were examined in a sample of 319 people with tinnitus. Consistent with previous studies of control and adjustment to chronic health conditions, general health and symptom control were associated with better psychological adjustment, and retrospective control was associated with worse psychological adjustment. Only symptom control emerged as a significant moderator in the symptom severity-adjustment relationship, such that stronger beliefs in one's ability to control symptoms were most strongly associated with better adjustment among those with more severe tinnitus symptoms. These findings were consistent with coping perspectives and cognitive adaptation theory and suggest that symptom-related perceptions of control may be an effective coping resource to nurture in chronic health contexts with severe symptoms.
  • References (27)
    27 references, page 1 of 3

    Affleck, G., Tennen, H., Pfeiffer, C., & Fifield, J. (1987). Appraisals of control and predictability in adapting to a chronic disease. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 53, 273- 279.

    Andersson, G. (2002). Psychological aspects of tinnitus and the application of cognitivebehavioral therapy. Clinical Psychology Review, 22, 977-990.

    Budd, R. J., & Pugh, R. (1995). The relationship between locus of control, tinnitus severity, and emotional distress in a group of tinnitus sufferers. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 39, 1015-1018.

    Budd, R. J., & Pugh, R. (1996). The relationship between coping style, tinnitus severity and emotional distress in a group of tinnitus sufferers. British Journal of Health Psychology, 1(Part 3), 219-229.

    Davis, C. G., Lehman, D. R., Wortman, C. B., Silver, R. C., & Thompson, S. C. (1995). The undoing of traumatic life events. Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin, 21, 109-124.

    Davis, C. G., Wortman, C. B., Lehman, D. R., & Silver, R. C. (2000). Searching for meaning in loss: Are clinical assumptions correct? Death Studies, 24, 497-540.

    Delb, W., D'Amelio, R., Schonecke, O. W., & Iro, H. (1999). Are there psychological or audiological parameters determining tinnitus impact? In J. Hazell (Ed.), Proceedings of the Sixth International Tinnitus Seminar (Vol. CD, pp. 446-451).

    Evers, A. W., Kraaimaat, F. W., van Lankveld, W., Jongen, P. J., Jacobs, J. W., & Bijlsma, J. W. (2001). Beyond unfavorable thinking: The illness cognition questionnaire for chronic disease. Journal of Consulting & Clinical Psychology, 69, 1026-1036.

    Folkman, S. (1984). Personal control and stress and coping processes: A theoretical analysis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 46, 839-852.

    Frazier, P. A. (2003). Perceived control and distress following sexual assault: A longitudinal test of a new model. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84, 1257-1269.

  • Similar Research Results (1)
  • Metrics
    0
    views in OpenAIRE
    0
    views in local repository
    105
    downloads in local repository

    The information is available from the following content providers:

    From Number Of Views Number Of Downloads
    White Rose Research Online - IRUS-UK 0 105
Share - Bookmark