Exchange of coordinated solvent during crystallisation of a metal-organic framework observed by in situ high energy X-ray diffraction.
- Publisher: Wiley - V C H Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA
Angewandte Chemie (International ed. in English),
(issn: 1433-7851, eissn: 1521-3773)
Using time-resolved monochromatic high energy X-ray diffraction, we present an in situ study of the solvothermal crystallisation of a new MOF [Yb2 (BDC)3 (DMF)2 ]⋅H2 O (BDC=benzene-1,4-dicarboxylate and DMF=N,N-dimethylformamide) under solvothermal conditions, from mixed water/DMF solvent. Analysis of high resolution powder patterns obtained reveals an evolution of lattice parameters and electron density during the crystallisation process and Rietveld analysis shows that this is due to a gradual topochemical replacement of coordinated solvent molecules. The water initially coordinated to Yb(3+) is replaced by DMF as the reaction progresses.