The export of national varieties of capitalism: the cases of Wal-Mart and Ikea

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Konzelmann, Suzanne J. ; Wilkinson, F. ; Craypo, C. ; Aridi, R. (2005)
  • Publisher: Centre for Business Research
  • Subject: man

Using the cases of Wal-Mart and IKEA, this paper takes a productive systems approach to examine ‘varieties of capitalism’ from the perspective of the ways by which production and market relations are structured and prioritised. It considers the nature of these relations and their interaction within the domestic economy and the ways that firms and national systems interact with each other\ud in the global economy. It examines the processes by which trading standards are transported via supply chain relationships, which ultimately become embedded in products and recognized by consumers at various stages. In this\ud analysis, the cases of Wal-Mart and IKEA provide insight into the ways by which national systems extend themselves globally, their contrasting effects on the business environments in host localities, and the impact of the resulting supply chain relations on organizational performance.
  • References (4)

    Sources: Wal-Mart Stores, Inc., Home Page Online, May 2000, May 2002; Annual Report, 2005, p. 53.

    Grant, J. and Daniel, C. (2004) 'Chicago Keeps Wal-Mart Waiting for Zoning Decision,' Financial Times, May 6: 2.

    Pfeffer, J. (1998) 'Seven Practices of Successful Organizations', California Management Review, 40(2): 96-124.

    Wilkinson, F. (1983) 'Productive systems'. Cambridge Journal of Economics 7: 413-429.

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