Ancient wisdom, modern warriors: The (re)invention of a Mesoamerican warrior tradition in Xilam

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Jennings, George (2016)

Xilam is a modern Mexican martial art that is inspired by pre-\ud Hispanic warrior cultures of ancient Mesoamerica, namely \ud the Aztecs (Mexica), Maya and Zapotec cultures. It provides a \ud noteworthy case study of a Latin American fighting system that \ud has been recently invented, but aspires to rescue, rediscover and \ud relive the warrior philosophies that existed before the Spanish \ud Conquest and subsequent movements beginning in 1521. Using the thought-provoking work of anthropologist Guillermo Bonfil Batalla, México Profundo, I aim to analyse the Xilam Martial Arts Association through the way that they represent themselves \ud philosophies in their three main media outlets: the official webpage, the \ud Facebook group and the YouTube channel. Overall, the data \ud \ud suggests that certain elements of Mesoamerican civilisation \ud may be transmitted to young Mexicans through a mind-body \ud discipline, which in turn acts as a form of physical (re)education. \ud Overall, xilam is both an invented tradition (in a technical sense) \ud and a re-invented tradition (in a cultural sense) that provides lessons on the timeless issues of transformation, transmission \ud and transcendence.
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