The measurement of intraocular pressure over positive soft contact lenses by rebound tonometry

Article English OPEN
Zeri, Fabrizio ; de Cusatis, Mario ; Lupelli, Luigi ; Swann, Peter Graham (2016)
  • Publisher: Elsevier BV
  • Journal: Journal of Optometry (issn: 1888-4296, vol: 9, pp: 182-188)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.1016/j.optom.2015.09.001, pmc: PMC4912530
  • Subject: Intraocular pressure | Hidrogel | Presión intraocular | Tonometría de rebote | Contact lens | Original Article | Rebound tonometry | Hydrogel | Optometry | Lentes de contacto
    mesheuropmc: genetic structures | sense organs | eye diseases

Purpose - To investigate if the accuracy of intraocular pressure (IOP) measurements using rebound tonometry over disposable hydrogel (etafilcon A) contact lenses (CL) is affected by the positive power of the CLs. Methods - The experimental group comprised 26 subjects, (8 male, 18 female). IOP measurements were undertaken on the subjects’ right eyes in random order using a Rebound Tonometer (ICare). The CLs had powers of +2.00 D and +6.00 D. Measurements were taken over each contact lens and also before and after the CLs had been worn. Results - The IOP measure obtained with both CLs was significantly lower compared to the value without CLs (t test; p < 0.001) but no significant difference was found between the two powers of CLs. Conclusions - Rebound tonometry over positive hydrogel CLs leads to a certain degree of IOP underestimation. This result did not change for the two positive lenses used in the experiment, despite their large difference in power and therefore in lens thickness. Optometrists should bear this in mind when measuring IOP with the rebound tonometer over plus power contact lenses.
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