Multinationals and the social perspectives: an assessment of the mining communities in Western Ghana

Doctoral thesis English OPEN
Sarpong, Samuel Arkwasi
  • Subject: H1

Despite the intensive exploitation of minerals in Wassa West in Western Ghana over the years, poverty and deprivation continue to escalate within the community. The people suffer from mining-related activities and infrastructural development seems to be minimal. Considering the negative impacts and development failures associated with extractive industries, the question arises as to whether support for extractive industries in Ghana is consistent with the government's contention that mining would propel the nation to a state of economic development and reduce poverty in local communities. The study espouses the conflicting claims in this development strategy and their variants and provides an avenue for further discussions on the issue in respect of its place in development and international business. The primary purpose is to achieve insight into the policy questions and issues they pose for resource endowed countries. The issue here will be how to forge a consistent paradigm, which makes economic sense, and which takes the complexity of social reality into consideration. The study, thus, documents how internationally generated policies have impacted on the lives of local people in Wassa West, in particular, and Ghana as a whole. It draws on the new dynamic that is created when local and global interact, as is inevitable when a multinational corporation begins operations in rural communities. In assessing the situation in Wassa West, the study incorporated a variety of ethnographic and qualitative methods of data collection, including a wide range of documentary sources. The thesis concludes that it is important to re-think the paradigm that sees foreign investment as a sine qua non for development.
  • References (5)

    Table 4.1 Top 20 Gold Producing countries (2001-2004)...........................................65 Table 4.2 Production of Major Minerals (1970-2006)................................................66 Table 4.3 Mining firms' Socio-economic contributions for 2004.............................. 74 Table 4.4 Ghanaians employed by Large Scale Producing Mines (1998-2002)........ 76 i

    7.1. Introduction.......................................................................................................... 124 7.2. Community expectations...................................................................................... 124 7.3. Rationale for community expectations.................................................................127 7.3.1. Unrealistic expectations?................................................................................... 128 7.3.2. Antagonism....................................................................................................... 131 7.4. Communities' assessment o f companies..............................................................133 7.5. Royalty distribution: The question o f benefits.................................................... 135 Conclusion....................................................................................................................138 Chapter Eight: The Operational Impact o f Mining on Social Networks: Sources o f Marginalisation

    8.1. Introduction.......................................................................................................... 139 8.2. Impact: The views from the companies and communities.................................. 139 8.3. Environmental Landscape.................................................................................... 140 8.4. Land/Resettlement and issues on compensation................................................. 145 8.5. Socio-economic impacts...................................................................................... 149 Chapter Nine: Staple Industries - Developed Localities? 9.1 Introduction........................................................................................................... 165 v

    9.2 Ensuring development in the communities.......................................................... 165 9.3. Employment......................................................................................................... 168 9.4. Education.............................................................................................................. 171 9.5 Development linkages and technological transfer.............................................. 173 9.6. Local Economy - Global Companies................................................................ 175 Conclusion................................................................................................................... 178 Chapter 12: Conclusion

    Conclusion..................................................................................................................214 12.1. SAP: The stretch from global to national and local levels............................... 218 12.2. Economic development and social disintegration............................................ 219 12.3. The Staple Theory..............................................................................................220 12.4. Impact upon the old economy and gender effects.............................................221 12.5. Different value systems and contrary accounts.................................................222 12.6. Policy issues - the case for monitoring..............................................................223 12.7. CSR: Illusion and reality issues.........................................................................225 12.8. The end of structural adjustment - more control of themarket?.......................226 15. Do customary laws, procedures and requirements interfere with your business operations? Y e s D N o D If Yes, how?.................................................................. (a)Do you adhere to them? Yes □ No □ Why?........................................................

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