Transverse rotation and longitudinal translation during prosthetic gait - a literature review

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Twiste, M ; Rithalia, S
  • Publisher: Rehabilitation Research and Development Service, Department of Veterans Affairs
  • Subject: R | health_and_wellbeing

Improved technology allows for more accurate gait\ud analysis to increase awareness of nonoptimized prosthetic gait\ud patterns and for the manufacture of sophisticated prosthetic\ud components to improve nonoptimized gait patterns. However,\ud prescriptions are often based on intuition rather than rigorous\ud research findings for evidence-based practice. The number of\ud studies found in the literature that are based on prosthetic\ud research regarding transverse rotation and longitudinal translation\ud is small when compared to topics regarding other types of\ud movements. Some design criteria for prosthetic components\ud described in those studies that permit transverse rotation and\ud longitudinal translation can be found in current designs. However,\ud little research has been conducted to establish their effectiveness\ud on the gait parameters and residual limb. This\ud literature review is an investigation into these motions between\ud the socket and the prosthetic foot, with particular reference to\ud gait characteristics and prosthetic design criteria.
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