Globalisation, seafood industry and livelihoods
- Publisher: Natural Resources Institute
Fish production, whether for export or for domestic and subsistence consumption, plays a major role in sustaining the livelihoods of many millions of producers, intermediaries, and processors in developing countries. Many of the world’s poor live in coastal communities where fishing and associated activities are often a key source of income, consumption and growth. In India alone there are an estimated nearly 6 million people dependent on the fishery sector (Rao and Prakash, 1999). Over the past fifteen years, “globalisation” and the associated liberalisation of markets in many countries has had a major impact on the fisheries sector and created many new challenges. While market liberalisation and the associated new international policy environment has created many opportunities for fishery sector participants, the range of risks and constraints has increased with a resultant impact on livelihoods, in particular the poor.
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