6 Lord Woolf, Access to Justice: Interim Report to the Lord Chancellor on the Civil Justice System in England and Wales (1995). See also S Roberts, “Settlement as civil justice” (2000) 63 MLR 739.
7 Report by the Business Experts and Law Forum (BELF) (2008, available at http://www.scotland.gov.uk/ Publications/2008/10/30105800/0) para 3.2.1.
8 Review (n 1) 165.
9 It cites the constitutional right of access to the courts, the need for precedent, cost, and the belief that the system already encourages early settlement of disputes.
10 The BELF Report (n 7) cites speed, cost and self-determination. To these could be added confidentiality, the preservation of business relationships and the potential for creative solutions.
11 Review (n 1) 169.
12 See, in England: H Genn et al, Twisting Arms: Court Referred and Court Linked Mediation under Judicial Pressure (2007); in Canada: R G Hann et al, Evaluation of the Ontario Mandatory Mediation Program (Rule 24.1): Final Report - The First 23 Months (2001); in Italy: G De Palo and P Harley, “Mediation in Italy: exploring the contradictions” (2005) 21 Negotiation Journal 469; in Australia: D Spencer, “Mandatory mediation and neutral evaluation: a reality in New South Wales” (2000) 11 Australasian Dispute Resolution Journal 237; in Germany: K Funken, “Court-connected mediation in Japan and Germany” (2001) University of Queensland School of Law Working Paper No 867; in the USA: R Wissler, “The effectiveness of court-connected dispute resolution in civil cases” (2004) 22 Conflict Resolution Quarterly 55.
13 C McEwan and R Maiman, “Small claims mediation in Maine: an empirical assessment” (1981) 33 Maine L Rev 237; Wissler (n 12); Hann (n 12).
14 See Genn et al, Twisting Arms (n 12).
15 Civil Procedure Rules 1998, SI 1998/3132, r 44.5(3)(a)(ii).