1. On this see B. L. Hutchins, Women in Modern Industry (London, 1915); and M. Gomersall, 'Education of Factory Women', History of Education, 1991, 24(2), pp. 159-64. See also the writings of A. Nield Chew, 'All in A Day's Work', The Englishwoman, 15, 1912, pp. 35-45; and the autobiographies of weavers such as A. Foley, A Bolton Childhood (Manchester, 1973); and D. Smith, My Revelation: An Autobiography. How a Working Woman Finds God (London, 1933), as well as oral testimonies recorded by E. Roberts in Woman's Place: An Oral Investigation of Working Class Women, 1890-1940 (Oxford, 1984); and J. Liddington in 'Working Class Women in the North West', Oral History, 1977, 5(2), pp. 31-46.