Pilot evaluation of a school-based health education intervention in the UK: Facts4Life

Article English OPEN
Bird, E. ; Oliver, B. (2016)

Background: This study assessed short-term changes in children’s health and illness attitudes and health status following Facts4Life, a school-based health education intervention.\ud \ud Methods: Children aged 7-11 years (School Years 3-6) recruited from 10 schools in the UK participated in this study. A quasi-experimental design was utilised with 187 children participating in the intervention, and 108 forming a control condition. Children in both conditions completed measures of health and illness attitudes and health status at baseline and at immediate follow-up. Intervention effects were examined using mixed between-within subjects ANOVA.\ud \ud Results: Analysis revealed significant baseline to follow-up improvements in intervention group responses to “When I feel unwell I need to take medicine to feel better” (Years 3 and 4: p = 0.05, η2p = 0.02; Years 5 and 6: p = 0.004, η2p = 0.07). For intervention group children in Years 5 and 6 there was an improvement in response to “When I am ill, I always need to see a doctor” (p = 0.01, η2p = 0.07). There was no evidence that Facts4Life had an impact upon health status. \ud \ud Conclusions: This study identified some positive intervention effects and results suggest that Facts4Life has potential as a school-based health education intervention.
  • References (22)
    22 references, page 1 of 3

    1. Health & Social Care Information Centre. (2015). National Child Measurement Programme: England, 2014/15 school year. Available at: http://www.hscic.gov.uk/catalogue/PUB19109/nati-chil-meas-prog-eng-2014-2015- rep.pdf [Accessed 08 July 2016].

    2. Bull, F.C. (2010). Physical Activity Guidelines in the U.K.: Review and Recommendations. Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/ukphysical-activity-guidelines [Accessed 20 January 2016].

    3. Public Health England. (2015). Improving young people's health and wellbeing. A framework for public health. London, UK. Available at: http://www.youngpeopleshealth.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2015/07/PHE-Improvingyoung-peoples-health-and-wellbeing.pdf [Accessed 20 January 2016].

    4. Galbraith-Emami, S. (2013). Public Health Law and Non-Communicable Diseases. UK Health Forum. London, England.

    5. Booth, M., O'Brodovich, H., & Finegood, D. (2004). Addressing Childhood Obesity: The Evidence for Action. Canadian Institute of Health Research.

    6. Brown, T., & Summerbell, C. (2009). Systematic review of school-based interventions that focus on changing dietary intake and physical activity levels to prevent childhood obesity: an update to the obesity guidance produced by the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence. Obes Rev, 10, 110-141.

    7. Pate, R.R., Davis, M.G., Robinson, T.N., Stone, E.J., McKenzie, T.L., & Young, J.C. (2006). Promoting physical activity in children and youth: a leadership role for schools: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Metabolism (Physical Activity Committee) in collaboration with the Councils on Cardiovascular Disease in the Young and Cardiovascular Nursing. Circulation, 114 (11), 1214-1224.

    8. Borzekowski, D.L. (2009). Considering children and health literacy: a theoretical approach. Pediatrics, 124, Suppl 3: S282-288.

    9. De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Van Cauwenberghe, E., Spittaels, H., Oppert, J.M., Rostami, C., Brug, J., et al. (2011). School-based interventions promoting both physical activity and healthy eating in Europe: A systematic review within the HOPE project. Obesity Reviews, 12 (3), 205-216.

    22. Borzekowski, D.L.G. (2009). Considering children and health literacy: A theoretical approach. Pediatrics, 124 (Suppl. 3): S282-S288.

  • Related Research Results (1)
  • Metrics
    0
    views in OpenAIRE
    0
    views in local repository
    18
    downloads in local repository

    The information is available from the following content providers:

    From Number Of Views Number Of Downloads
    UWE Research Repository - IRUS-UK 0 18
Share - Bookmark