Cashew cultivation, access to land and food security in Brong-Ahafo Region, Ghana:\ud Preventing the intergenerational transmission of poverty

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Evans, Ruth ; Mariwah, Simon ; Barima Antwi, Kwabena (2014)
  • Publisher: Walker Institute, University of Reading

This research aimed to investigate the implications of changing agricultural land use from food production towards increased cashew cultivation for food security and poverty alleviation in Jaman North District, Brong-Ahafo Region of Ghana. Based on qualitative, participatory research with a total of 60 participants, the research found that increased cashew production had led to improvements in living standards for many farmers and their children over recent years. Global demand for cashew is projected to continue to grow rapidly in the immediate future and cashew-growing areas of Ghana are well placed to respond to this demand. Cashew farmers however were subject to price fluctuations in the value of Raw Cashew Nuts (RCN) due to unequal power relations with intermediaries and export buyer companies and global markets, in addition to other vulnerabilities that constrained the quality and quantity of cashew and food crops they could produce. The expansion of cashew plantations was leading to pressure on the remaining family lands available for food crop production, which community members feared could potentially compromise the food security of rural communities and the land inheritance of future generations.
  • References (4)

    African Cashew Initiative (2014) Market overview and trends, Unpublished slides, presented at ACi, Accra, March 2014.

    African Cashew Initiative (2013a) Summary Annual Report 2012/2013, 8th ACA Cashew Festival and Expo, 16- 19th September 2013, Accra, Ghana.

    Doss, C., Summerfield, G. and Tsikata, D. (2014) 'Land, gender and food security', Feminist Economics , 20(1): 1- 23.

    Ellis, F. and Mdoe, N. (2003) 'Livelihoods and rural poverty reduction in Tanzania', World Development 31(8): 1367-1384.

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