ISO 14001 certiﬁcation and ﬁnancial performance: selection-effect versus treatment-effect
Dick, Gavin P.M.
Molina-Azorin, Jose F.
- Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: The paper explores the bi-directional relationship between ISO 14001 certification and financial performance with the aim of shedding light on whether better performance is due to the beneficial effects of ISO 14001 or due to selection-effects where better performance precedes accreditation. The study uses a five year longitudinal analysis to compare the financial performance of firms in Spain before and after certification. The results of a multivariate panel data analysis find that firms with better than average performance have a greater propensity to pursue accreditation but there is no evidence that improvements in performance follow certification. This suggests that a zealous inference of environmental variables being the cause of improved financial performance may be unwise in research studies that can only measure association.