The extent and distribution of gambling-related harms and the prevention paradox in a British population survey

Article English OPEN
Canale, N ; Vieno, A ; Griffiths, MD (2016)
  • Publisher: Akadémiai Kiadó
  • Journal: Journal of Behavioral Addictions (issn: 2062-5871, vol: 5, pp: 204-212)
  • Related identifiers: pmc: PMC5387771, doi: 10.1556/2006.5.2016.023
  • Subject: prevention paradox | Full-Length Report | gambling | harms | Great Britain | gambling involvement | population studies

Objectives: To examine whether the "prevention paradox" applies to British individuals in relation to gambling- related harm. \ud Methods: Data were derived from 7,756 individuals participating in the British Gambling Prevalence Survey 2010, a comprehensive interview-based survey conducted in Great Britain between November 2009 and May 2010. Gambling-related harm was assessed using an adapted version of the DSM-IV Pathological Gambling criteria. The previous year’s prevalence of problem gamblers was examined using the Problem Gambling Severity Index. Gambling involvement was measured by gambling frequency and gambling participation (gambling volume as expressed by time and money spent gambling). \ud Results: The prevalence rates for past-year gambling harms were dependence harm (16.4%), social harm (2.2%), and chasing losses (7.9%). Gambling-related harms were distributed across low- to moderate-risk gamblers (and not limited to just problem gamblers) and were reported by the majority of gamblers who were non-high time and spend regular gamblers than high time and spend regular gamblers. \ud Conclusions: The prevention paradox is a promising way of examining gambling-related harm. This suggests that prevention of gambling might need to consider the population approach to minimizing gambling harm.
  • References (44)
    44 references, page 1 of 5

    Abbott, M., Binde, P., Hodgins, D., Korn, D., Pereira, A., Volberg, R., & Williams, R. (2013). Conceptual framework of harmful gambling: An International Collaboration. Guelph, Ontario: Ontario Problem Gambling Research Centre.

    American Psychiatric Association (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed., text rev.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.

    American Psychiatric Association (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental health disorders (5th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.

    Auer, M., & Griffiths, M. D. (2013). Limit setting and player choice in most intense online gamblers: An empirical study of online gambling behaviour. Journal of Gambling Studies, 29, 647-660. doi:10.1007/s10899-012-9332-y

    Blaszczynski, A. (2009). Problem gambling: We should measure harm rather than 'cases'. Addiction, 104, 1072-1074. doi:10.1111/j.1360-0443.2009.02505.x

    Blaszczynski, A., Ladouceur, R., Goulet, A., & Savard, C. (2008). Differences in monthly versus daily evaluations of money spent on gambling and calculation strategies. Journal of Gambling Issues, 21, 98-105. doi:10.4309/jgi.2008.21.9

    Brosowski, T., Hayer, T., Meyer, G., Rumpf, H. J., John, U., Bischof, A., & Meyer, C. (2015). Thresholds of probable problematic gambling involvement for the German population: Results of the Pathological Gambling and Epidemiology (PAGE) Study. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 29(3), 794-804. doi:10.1037/adb0000088

    Caetano, R., Mills, B., Pinsky, I., Zaleski, M., & Laranjeira, R. (2012). The distribution of alcohol consumption and the prevention paradox in Brazil. Addiction, 107, 60-68. doi:10.1111/ j.1360-0443.2011.03567.x

    Canale, N., Santinello, M., & Griffiths, M. D. (2015). Validation of the reasons for gambling questionnaire (RGQ) in a British population survey. Addictive Behaviors, 45, 276-280. doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2015.01.035

    Currie, S. R., Hodgins, D. C., Wang, J., El-Guebaly, N., Wynne, H., & Chen, S. (2006). Risk of harm among gamblers in the general population as a function of level of participation in gambling activities. Addiction, 101(4), 570-580. doi:10.1111/ j.1360-0443.2006.01392.x

  • Related Research Results (1)
  • Metrics
    No metrics available
Share - Bookmark