From voice to voices: identifying a plurality of Muslim sources in the news media

Article English OPEN
Munnik, Michael (2017)
  • Publisher: SAGE Publications
  • Journal: Media, Culture, and Society (issn: 0163-4437, vol: 39, pp: 270-281)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.1177/0163443716686941, pmc: PMC5898413
  • Subject: Glasgow | Crosscurrents | production analysis | qualitative methods | news sources | media | Muslims | HT

This article identifies a qualitative change in the diversity of actors who represent Muslims in British news media. Hitherto, the literature discussing Muslims and the media has tended to characterize media organizations as institutions which portray Muslims in an essentialized, monolithic way. In contrast, I propose in this article that the process of representation is more complex, including greater agency and engaging a wider diversity of Muslims than the prevailing literature suggests. Sociological studies distinguish between official and unofficial sources who help determine the representations that journalists employ in their texts, and I apply this to Muslim communities in Glasgow. Using qualitative methods drawn from media production analysis, including participant-observation and ethnographic interviews, I identify a shift from a ‘gatekeeper’ model of representing the community to that of a plurality of sources, which reveals and insists on the diversity of Muslim communities and voices. I will show why a wider range of actors emerged to speak publicly, what differentiates them and how they position themselves as representatives of Muslims. This focus on producers and on source strategies brings fresh insights into a field dominated by content analysis and a ‘media-centric’ approach.
  • References (34)
    34 references, page 1 of 4

    Baker P (2010) Representations of Islam in British broadsheet and tabloid newspapers 1999-2005. Journal of Language and Politics 9(2): 310-338.

    Baker P, Gabrielatos C and McEnery T (2013) Discourse Analysis and Media Attitudes: The Representation of Islam in the British Press. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Baumann G (1996) Contesting culture: discourses of identity in multi-ethnic London. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Benson R and Neveu E (2005) Introduction: field theory as a work in progress. In: Benson R and Neveu E (eds) Bourdieu and the Journalistic Field. Cambridge: Polity Press, pp. 1-25.

    Bourdieu P (2005) The political field, the social science field, and the journalistic field. In: Benson R and Neveu E (eds) Bourdieu and the Journalistic Field. Cambridge: Polity Press, pp. 29-47.

    Collins P and Gallinat A (2010) The ethnographic self as resource: an introduction. In: Collins P and Gallinat A (eds) The Ethnographic Self as Resource: Writing Memory and Experience into Ethnography. New York: Berghahn Books, pp. 1-22.

    Commission on British Muslims and Islamophobia (1997) Islamophobia: A Challenge for Us All. London: Runnymede Trust.

    Davis A (2009) Journalist-source relations, mediated reflexivity and the politics of politics. Journalism Studies 10(2): 204-219.

    Dunlop A and Miles R (1990) Recovering the history of Asian migration to Scotland. Immigrants & Minorities 9(2): 145-167.

    Ericson RV, Baranek PM and Chan JBL (1989) Negotiating Control: A Study of News Sources. Milton Keynes: Open University Press.

  • Metrics
    No metrics available
Share - Bookmark