Facial aesthetics: babies prefer attractiveness to symmetry

Article English OPEN
Samuels, CA ; Butterworth, G ; Roberts, T ; Graupner, Ludmila ; Hole, Graham (1994)
  • Subject:
    mesheuropmc: genetic structures

The visual preferences of human infants for faces that varied in their attractiveness and in their symmetry about the midline were explored. The aim was to establish whether infants' visual preference for attractive faces may be mediated by the vertical symmetry of the face. Chimeric faces, made from photographs of attractive and unattractive female faces, were produced by computer graphics. Babies looked longer at normal and at chimeric attractive faces than at normal and at chimeric unattractive faces. There were no developmental differences between the younger and older infants: all preferred to look at the attractive faces. Infants as young as 4 months showed similarity with adults in the 'aesthetic perception' of attractiveness and this preference was not based on the vertical symmetry of the face.
  • References (25)
    25 references, page 1 of 3

    Alley T R, 1988 Social and Applied Aspects of Perceiving Faces (Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates)

    Baldwin J M, 1905 Dictionary of Philosophy and Psychology. Beauty Volume 1 (London: Macmillan) pp 104-109

    Bornstein M H, Ferdinandsen K, Gross C G, 1981 "Perception of symmetry in infancy" Developmental Psychology 17 8 2 - 8 6

    Carello C, Grosofsky A, Shaw R E, Pittenger J B, Mark I S, 1989 "Attractiveness of facial profiles is a function of distance from archetype" Ecological Psychology 1 227 - 251

    Fisher C B, Ferdinandsen K, Bornstein M H, 1981 "The role of symmetry in infant form discrimination" Child Development 52 4 5 7 - 4 6 2

    Hildebrandt K A, Fitzgerald H E, 1979 "Facial feature determinants of perceived infant attractiveness" Infant Behavior and Development 2 3 2 9 - 3 3 9

    Langlois J H, 1986 "From the eye of the beholder to behavioral reality: The development of social behaviors and social relations as a function of physical attractiveness", in Physical Appearance, Stigma, and Social Behavior: The Ontario Symposium Volume 3, Eds C P Herman, M P Zanna, E T Higgins (Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum) pp 23 - 51

    Langlois J H, Ritter J M, Roggman L A, Vaughn L S, 1991 "Facial diversity and infant preferences for attractive faces" Developmental Psychology 27 79 - 84

    Langlois J H, Roggman L A , 1990 "Attractive faces are only average" Psychological Science 1 1 1 5 - 1 2 1

    Langlois J H, Roggman L A, Casey R J, Ritter J M, Rieser-Danner L A, Jenkins V Y, 1987 "Infant preferences for attractive faces: rudiments of a stereotype?" Developmental Psychology 23 3 6 3 - 3 6 9

  • Metrics
    0
    views in OpenAIRE
    0
    views in local repository
    1,149
    downloads in local repository

    The information is available from the following content providers:

    From Number Of Views Number Of Downloads
    Sussex Research Online - IRUS-UK 0 1,149
Share - Bookmark