Users of different travel modes differ in journey satisfaction and habit strength but not environmental worldviews:a large-scale survey of drivers, walkers, bicyclists and bus users commuting to a UK university

Article English OPEN
Thomas, Gregory Owen ; Walker, Ian (2015)
  • Publisher: Elsevier
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.1016/j.trf.2015.07.016
  • Subject: Environmental worldviews | Habit | BF | Affect | Transport choice | Health | HE | GE
    mesheuropmc: human activities

<p>People who travel to the same university workplace by bicycle, bus, car, and walking were compared in a survey (N = 1609). Data are presented on environmental worldviews, journey affective appraisals, and habit strength. Unexpectedly, findings showed comparable levels of environmental worldview across modes. This might reflect the role of attitudes on behaviour, or question the validity of the established environmental worldview scale used here. Results also replicated previous work on affective appraisal, and suggested that whilst walking, bicycling and bus use have distinctive affective appraisals associated with each mode, car driving was affectively neutral, generating no strong response on any dimension - a finding tentatively explained with reference to the normative status of driving. The survey also showed users of active travel modes reported stronger habit strength than car or public transport users, with possible links to the role of affect in formulating habit strength in line with habit theory.</p>
  • References (31)
    31 references, page 1 of 4

    Aarts, H., Custers, R., & Veltkamp, M. (2008). Goal priming and the affectivemotivational route to nonconscious goal pursuit. Social Cognition, 26(5), 555- 577.

    Anable, J. (2005). `Complacent Car Addicts' or `Aspiring Environmentalists'? Identifying travel behaviour segments using attitude theory. Transport Policy, 12(1), 65-78. doi: 10.1016/j.tranpol.2004.11.004

    Cardinal, R. N., & Aitken, M. R. F. (2013). ANOVA for the Behavioral Sciences Researcher: Taylor & Francis.

    Custers, R., & Aarts, H. (2005). Positive Affect as Implicit Motivator: On the Nonconscious Operation of Behavioral Goals. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 89(2), 129-142. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.89.2.129

    Daley, M., & Rissel, C. (2011). Perspectives and images of cycling as a barrier or facilitator of cycling. Transport Policy, 18(1), 211-216. doi: 10.1016/j.tranpol.2010.08.004

    DfT. (2011a). Climate change and transport choices: segmentation study final report (Tables). London: Retrieved from http://ntl.bts.gov/lib/36000/36900/36948/finaltables.pdf.

    DfT. (2011b). National Travel Survey 2010. Retrieved from http://assets.dft.gov.uk/statistics/releases/national-travel-survey-2010/nts2010- 01.pdf.

    Dunlap, R. E., Van Liere, K. D., Mertig, A. G., & Jones, R. E. (2000). New Trends in Measuring Environmental Attitudes: Measuring Endorsement of the New Ecological Paradigm: A Revised NEP Scale. Journal of Social Issues, 56(3), 425-442. doi: 10.1111/0022-4537.00176

    Durlak, J. A. (2009). How to Select, Calculate, and Interpret Effect Sizes. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 34(9), 917-928. doi: 10.1093/jpepsy/jsp004

    Ellaway, A., Macintyre, S., Hiscock, R., & Kearns, A. (2003). In the driving seat: psychosocial benefits from private motor vehicle transport compared to public transport. Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 6(3), 217-231. doi: 10.1016/s1369-8478(03)00027-5

  • Metrics
    No metrics available
Share - Bookmark