Self-esteem, shyness, and sociability in adolescents with specific language impairment (SLI)

Article English OPEN
Wadman, Ruth ; Durkin, Kevin ; Conti-Ramsden, Gina (2008)
  • Publisher: American Speech-Language-Hearing Association
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.1044/1092-4388(2008/069)
  • Subject:
    mesheuropmc: behavioral disciplines and activities

Purpose: To determine if lower global self-esteem, shyness, and low sociability are outcomes associated with SLI in adolescence. Possible concurrent predictive relationships and gender differences were also examined. Method: Fifty-four adolescents with SLI, aged between 16 and 17 years, were compared with a group of 54 adolescents with typical language abilities on the Rosenberg Self-Esteem scale (Rosenberg, 1965) and the Cheek and Buss Shyness and Sociability scales (Cheek & Buss, 1981). Results: The SLI group had significantly lower global self-esteem scores than the group with typical language abilities. The adolescents with SLI were more shy than their peers, but the groups did not differ in their sociability ratings. Regression analysis found that language ability was not concurrently predictive of self-esteem but shyness was. Mediation analysis suggested that shyness could be a partial but significant mediator in the relationship between language ability and global self-esteem. Conclusions: Older adolescents with SLI are at risk of lower global self-esteem and experience shyness, although they want to interact socially. The relationship between language ability and self-esteem at this point in adolescence is complex, with shyness potentially playing an important mediating role.
  • References (72)
    72 references, page 1 of 8

    Arkin, R. M., Lake, E. A., & Baumgardner, A. H. (1986). Shyness and selfpresentation. In W. H. Jones, J. M. Cheek & S. R. Briggs (Eds.), Shyness. Perspectives on research and treatment (pp. 189-204). New York: Plenum Press.

    Asendorpf, J. B. (1991). Development of inhibited children's coping with unfamiliarity. Child Development, 62(6), 1460-1474.

    Asher, S. R., & Gazelle, H. (1999). Loneliness, peer relations, and language disorders in childhood. Topics in Language Disorders, 19, 16-33.

    Baron, R. M., & Kenny, D. A. (1986). The moderator-mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: Conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51, 1173-1182.

    Beitchman, J. H., Nair, R., Clegg, M., Ferguson, B., & Patel, P. G. (1986). Prevalence of psychiatric disorders in children with speech and language disorders. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 25, 528-535.

    Beitchman, J. H., Wilson, B., Johnson, C. J., Atkinson, L., Young, A., Adlaf, E., et al. (2001). Fourteen-year follow-up of speech/language-impaired and control children: Psychiatric outcome. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 40(1), 75-82.

    Bishop, D. V. M. (1997). Uncommon understanding. Development and disorders of language comprehension in children. East Sussex: Psychology Press.

    Blascovich, J., & Tomaka, J. (1991). Measurements of self-esteem. In J. P. Robinson, P. R. Shaver. & L. S. Wrightsman (Eds.), Measures of personality and social psychological attitudes. (Vol. 1, pp. 161-194). London: Academic Press.

    Brinton, B., Fujiki, M., & Mckee, L. (1998). Negotiation skills of children with specific language impairment. Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research, 41, 927-940.

    Brown, B. B., & Lohr, M. J. (1987). Peer-group affiliation and adolescent self-esteem: an integration of ego-identity and symbolic-interaction theories. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 52(1), 47-55.

  • Metrics
    No metrics available
Share - Bookmark