3 Singular 'Rom'. On terminology, see GD Kwiek, 'Afterword: Rom, Roma, Romani, Kale, Gypsies, Travellers, and Sinti … Pick a name and stick with it, already!', in D Le Bas and T Acton (eds), All Change! Romani Studies through Romani eyes (Hatfield, University of Hertfordshire Press, 2010) 79-83; Roma Center for Social Intervention and Studies from Romania, 'Roma and the Council of Europe's Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities', www.romanicriss.org/Roma%20 and%20the%20Framework%20Convention%20for%20the%20Protection%20of%20National%20 Minorities%20ENG.pdf, 9; Yaron Matras, 'Scholarship and the Politics of Roma Identity: Strategic and Conceptual Issues' (2011) 10 European Yearbook of Minority Issues 211-47.
4 As illustrated by the links found between the language of the Roma (Romani) and the Sanskrit script of other Indian languages. See the Patrin Web Journal 'A Brief History of the Roma', www. reocities.com/Paris/5121/history.htm.
5 European Commission, 'EU and Roma', http://ec.europa.eu/justice/discrimination/roma/index_ en.htm; Council of Europe Special Representative of the Secretary General of the Council of Europe for Roma Issues, 'Estimates and Official Numbers of Roma in Europe' http://hub.coe.int/c/ document_library/get_file?uuid=3f6c4a82-0ca7-4b80-93c1-fef14f56fdf8&groupId=10227.
6 See a critical analysis of the ECtHR's 'stereotyped' jurisprudence on this: Doris Farget, 'Defining Roma Identity in the European Court of Human Rights' (2012) International Journal on Minority and Group Rights 291-316.
7 Travelling communities.
19 OSCE High Commissioner on National Minorities, Report on the Situation of Roma and Sinti (2000), p 128.
20 Roma Center for Social Intervention and Studies from Romania, 'Roma and the Council of Europe's Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities', www.romanicriss. org/Roma%20and%20the%20Framework%20Convention%20for%20the%20Protection%20of%20 National%20Minorities%20ENG.pdf, p 7.
21 A Mirga and N Gheorghe, 'The Roma in the Twenty-First Century: A Policy Paper', Project on Ethnic Relations, www.per-usa.org/1997-2007/21st_c.htm, p 23. 148 Tawhida Ahmed
25 Advisory Committee Opinion on Romania, Adopted on 6 April 2001, para 31.
26 Advisory Committee Opinion on Italy, Adopted on 14 September 2001.