Circadian regulation of abiotic stress tolerance in plants

Article English OPEN
Grundy, Jack ; Stoker, Claire ; Carré, Isabelle A. (2015)
  • Publisher: Frontiers Media S.A.
  • Journal: Frontiers in Plant Science (issn: 1664-462X, vol: 6)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.3389/fpls.2015.00648, pmc: PMC4550785
  • Subject: rhythmic gene expression | Review | plant hormones | Plant Science | circadian clock | S1 | abiotic stress
    mesheuropmc: food and beverages

Extremes of temperatures, drought and salinity cause widespread crop losses throughout the world and impose severe limitations on the amount of land that can be used for agricultural purposes. Hence, there is an urgent need to develop crops that perform better under such abiotic stress conditions. Here, we discuss intriguing, recent evidence that circadian clock contributes to plants’ ability to tolerate different types of environmental stress, and to acclimate to them. The clock controls expression of a large fraction of abiotic stress-responsive genes, as well as biosynthesis and signaling downstream of stress response hormones. Conversely, abiotic stress results in altered expression and differential splicing of the clock genes, leading to altered oscillations of downstream stress-response pathways. We propose a range of mechanisms by which this intimate coupling between the circadian clock and environmental stress-response pathways may contribute to plant growth and survival under abiotic stress.
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