Carbon capture and storage (CCS)

Article English OPEN
Mather, T. A.
  • Subject: sub-01

As part of the government’s global strategy to address\ud climate change, the 2003 Energy White Paper sets the\ud target of a 60% reduction in UK emissions of the\ud greenhouse gas carbon dioxide (CO2) by 2050, to about\ud 240Mt (million tonnes) per year from 550Mt in 2000.1\ud Increased energy efficiency and use of renewable\ud energy are the key mechanisms proposed to achieve\ud this. However the White Paper suggests the continuing\ud importance of fossil fuels to ensure security of electricity\ud supplies. Using fossil fuels in a low-carbon economy\ud requires their CO2 emissions be reduced. This POSTnote\ud discusses the potential of carbon capture and storage\ud (CCS), a method of carbon sequestration2, to reduce UK\ud and global emissions, and also the costs, environmental\ud impacts and public perceptions of CCS.
  • References (12)
    12 references, page 1 of 2

    1 DTI White Paper, Our Energy Future, Feb 2003

    2 Carbon sequestration is a more general term for carbon storage including that via natural biological processes. Carbon capture and storage tends to refer to the application of carbon abatement technologies to industrial CO2 emissions.

    3 For example, Review of the feasibility of carbon dioxide capture and storage in the UK, DTI, Sept 2003

    4 For example, PM's Speech on Climate Change, 14 Sept 2004, Commons Hansard, 3 March 2005, Lords Hansard, 23 Feb 2005.

    5 DEFRA, e-Digest Statistics about: The Global Atmosphere (www.defra.gov.uk).

    6 Chadwick et al., Geol Soc London, Special Publication 233, 2004.

    7 Implementing a demonstration of enhanced oil recovery using carbon dioxide, DTI, May 2004.

    8 Report of DTI International Technology Service Mission to the USA and Canada, Feb 2002.

    9 DTI's Improved Oil Recovery Research Seminar, 25 June 2002.

    10 The Cost of Generating Electricity, Roy Acad Eng, March 2004

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