Physical fitness components associated with performance in a multiple-sprint test.

Article English OPEN
Durandt, J ; Tee, JC ; Prim, SK ; Lambert, MI (2006)
  • Publisher: Human Kinetics

PURPOSE: The 5-m repeat-sprint test (5-m RST) measures resistance to fatigue after repeated bouts of short-duration, high-intensity activity. This study determined the components of fitness associated with performance in 5-m RSTs. METHODS: Speed (10-m and 40-m sprints), strength (bench press), agility, strength endurance (pull-ups and push-ups), and aerobic power (20-m shuttle-run test) were measured in male provincial- or national-level rugby (n = 110), hockey (n = 59), and soccer (n = 55) players. RESULTS: Subjects with either high (HI) or low (LO) resistance to fatigue in the 5-m RST differed in body mass (76.9 +/- 11.6 kg vs 102.1 +/- 18.9 kg, HI vs LO, respectively, P < .001), agility (14.55 +/- 0.41 seconds vs 15.56 +/- 0.30 seconds, P < .001), bench press (86 +/- 20 kg vs 114 +/- 33 kg, P = .03), pull-ups (13 +/- 4 vs 8 +/- 5, P = .02), push-ups (56 +/- 12 vs 39 +/- 13, P = .002), and 20-m shuttle-run test (20-m SRT; 133 +/- 11 vs 87 +/- 12 shuttles, P < .001). Body mass, strength, and aerobic power were the best predictors of 5-m RST performance: 5-m RST = -1.274(mass) + 0.756(1RM bench press) + 2.053(number of 20-m SRT shuttles) + 549.409 (R2 = .66). CONCLUSIONS: Performance in the 5-m RST is predicted best by a combination of factors including body mass, strength, and aerobic ability, rather than by any single component of fitness.
  • References (27)
    27 references, page 1 of 3

    1. Pendleton, M HW. Reliability and validity of the Welsh Rugby Union shuttle run test. (Unpublished Dissertation) 1997. University of Wales Institute, Cardiff, Wales.

    2. Boddington MK, Lambert MI, St Clair Gibson A, Noakes TD. Reliability of a 5- m multiple shuttle test. J Sports Sci. 2001;19:223-8.

    3. Duthie G, Pyne D, Hooper S. Applied physiology and game analysis of rugby union. Sports Med. 2003;33:973-91.

    4. Reilly T,.Borrie A. Physiology applied to field hockey. Sports Med. 1992;14:10- 26.

    5. Reilly T,.Gilbourne D. Science and football: a review of applied research in the football codes. J Sports Sci. 2003;21:693-705.

    6. McIntyre MC. A comparison of the physiological profiles of elite Gaelic footballers, hurlers, and soccer players. Br J Sports Med. 2005;39:437-9.

    7. Boddington MK, Lambert MI, Waldeck MR. Validity of a 5-meter multiple shuttle run test for assessing fitness of women field hockey players. J Strength Cond Res. 2004;18:97-100.

    8. Dunbar GMJ, Power K. Fitness profiles of English professional and semiprofessional soccer players using a battery of field tests. In: Reilly T, Bangsbo J, Hughes M, eds. Science and Football, pp 27-32. London: E & FN SPON, 1995.

    9. Keane S, Reilly T, Borrie A. A comparison of fitness characteristics of elite and non-elite Gaelic football players. In: Reilly T, Bangsbo J, Hughes M, eds. Science and Football, pp 3-6. London: E & FN SPON, 2005.

    10. Keogh JW, Weber CL, Dalton CT. Evaluation of anthropometric, physiological, and skill-related tests for talent identification in female field hockey. Can J Appl Physiol 2003;28:397-409.

  • Metrics
    0
    views in OpenAIRE
    0
    views in local repository
    1,399
    downloads in local repository

    The information is available from the following content providers:

    From Number Of Views Number Of Downloads
    Leeds Beckett University Repository - IRUS-UK 0 1,399
Share - Bookmark