Supplement use in sport: is there a potentially dangerous incongruence between rationale and practice?

Article English OPEN
Petróczi, Andrea ; Naughton, Declan P (2007)
  • Publisher: BioMed Central
  • Journal: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology (London, England), volume 2, pages 4-4 (eissn: 1745-6673)
  • Related identifiers: pmc: PMC1904455, doi: 10.1186/1745-6673-2-4
  • Subject: Toxicology | sports | Safety Research | Hypothesis | Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

BACKGROUND: Supplement use by athletes is complex and research supports the alarming notion of misinformed decisions regarding supplements. HYPOTHESIS: A frequent divergence between the type of supplements chosen by athletes and the rationale dictating the supplement use is hypothesized. Thus, a potentially dangerous incongruence may exist between rationale and practice. TESTING THE HYPOTHESIS: In the continued absence of reliable data on supplement use, an alternative approach of studying the reasons underlying supplement use in athletes is proposed to determine whether there is an incongruence between rationale and practice. Existing data from large scale national surveys can be used to investigate this incongruence. IMPLICATIONS OF THE HYPOTHESIS: In this report, analyses of distinctive patterns between the use and rationale for use of supplements among athletes are recommended to explore this potentially dangerous phenomenon.
  • References (65)
    65 references, page 1 of 7

    1. Palmer ME, Haller C, McKinney PE, Klein-Scwartz W, Tschirgi A, Smolinske SC, Woolf A, Sprague B, Ko R, Everson G: Adverse events associated with dietary supplements: an observational study. Lancet 2003, 361:101-106.

    2. Miller CK, Russell T, Kissling G: Decision-making patterns for dietary supplement purchases among women aged 25 to 45 years. J Am Diet Assoc 2003, 103:1523-1526.

    3. Neuhouser ML: Dietary supplement use by American women: challenges in assessing patterns of use, motives and costs. J Nutr 2003:1992-1996.

    4. Radimer K, Bindewald B, Hughes J, Ervin B, Swanson C, Picciano MF: Dietary supplement use by US adults: Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999- 2000. Am J Epidem 2004, 160:339-349.

    5. WADA 2006: The World Anti-Doping Code. The 2007 Prohibited List. International standard. [].

    6. Erdman KA, Fung TS, Reimer RA: Influence of performance level on dietary supplementation in elite Canadian athletes. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2006, 38:349-356.

    7. Huang S, Johnson K, Pipe A: The use of dietary supplements and medication by Canadian athletes in the Atlanta and Sydney Olympic Games. Clin J Sport Med 2006, 16:27-33.

    8. Maugham RJ: Contamination of dietary supplements and positive drug tests in sport. J Sport Sci 2005, 23:883-889.

    9. Nieper A: Nutritional supplement practices in UK junior national track and field athletes. Brit J Sport Med 2005, 39:645-649.

    10. Silver MD: Use of ergogenic aids by athletes. J Am Acad Orthopaed Surg 2001, 9:61-70.

  • Metrics
    No metrics available
Share - Bookmark