The Influence of Social Interaction on Cognitive Training for Schizophrenia

Article English OPEN
Cook, Jennifer Louise ; Black, Jennifer (2012)
  • Publisher: Frontiers Research Foundation
  • Journal: Frontiers in Neuroscience, volume 6 (issn: 1662-4548, eissn: 1662-453X)
  • Related identifiers: doi: 10.3389/fnins.2012.00140, pmc: PMC3460317
  • Subject: RC | Opinion Article | Neuroscience

In addition to the core features of the condition, individuals with schizophrenia typically exhibit deficits in cognitive functions (Barnett et al., 2010). Such impairments are known to be important determinants of functional outcome (Green et al., 2000; Harvey et al., 2003) and their magnitude is associated with the level of self-care, utilization of hospital services, and burden placed on caregivers (Davidson and Keefe, 1995; Sevy and Davidson, 1995; Martens and Addington, 2001).\ud \ud The cognitive features of schizophrenia are poorly treated with antipsychotics (Liberman, 1994). Cognitive training offers a more promising option. Training interventions have been associated with cognitive improvements including information processing, verbal learning, and executive function (Medalia et al., 1998; Bellucci et al., 2003; McGurk et al., 2005; Sartory et al., 2005). The most recent meta-analysis found that, for individuals with schizophrenia, cognitive training improves cognitive function, psychosocial function, and psychiatric symptom severity (effect sizes of 0.45, 0.42, and 0.18 respectively; Wykes et al., 2011). Such findings highlight the promise of training programs in treating the cognitive symptoms of schizophrenia.
  • References (38)
    38 references, page 1 of 4

    Bandura, A. (1977). Social Learning Theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.

    Barnett, J. H., Robbins, T. W., Leeson, V. C., Sahakian, B. J., Joyce, E. M., and Blackwell, A. D. (2010). Assessing cognitive function in clinical trials of schizophrenia. Neurosci. Biobehav. Rev. 34, 1161-1177.

    Bellucci, D. M., Glaberman, K., and Haslam, N. (2003). Computer-assisted cognitive rehabilitation reduces negative symptoms in the severely mentally ill. Schizophr. Res. 59, 225-232.

    Bird, G., and Heyes, C. (2005). Effector-dependent learning by observation of a nfiger movement sequence. J. Exp. Psychol. Hum. Percept. Perform. 31, 262-275.

    Carroll, W. R., and Bandura, A. (1990). Representational guidance of action production in observational learning: a causal analysis. J. Mot. Behav. 22, 85-97.

    Cook, J., Saygin, A., Swain, R., and Blakemore, S. (2009). Reduced sensitivity to minimum-jerk biological motion in autism spectrum conditions. Neuropsychologia 47, 3275-3278.

    Daft, R., and Lengel, R. (1984). Information richness: a new approach to managerial behaviour and organizational design. Res. Organ. Behav. 6, 191-233.

    Dautenhahn, K. (2007). Socially intelligent robots: dimensions of human-robot interaction. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B Biol. Sci. 362, 679-704.

    Davidson, M., and Keefe, R. S. (1995). Cognitive impairment as a target for pharmacological treatment in schizophrenia. Schizophr. Res. 17, 123-129.

    Green, M. F., Kern, R. S., Braff, D. L., and Mintz, J. (2000). Neurocognitive decfiits and functional outcome in schizophrenia: are we measuring the “right stuff ”? Schizophr. Bull. 26, 119-136.

  • Metrics
    No metrics available
Share - Bookmark