The health impact assessment of crime prevention

Part of book or chapter of book English OPEN
Hirschfield, Alex (2004)
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press
  • Subject: HN | H1

Crime is a major issue in terms of its impact on individuals, communities and the state. In\ud exploring the links between crime and health it is important to distinguish between the health\ud impacts of being a victim of crime (especially on more than one occasion), those of being an\ud offender or at risk of offending and those of being afraid of becoming a victim (fear of crime).\ud Fear of crime may also affect those who are concerned about the safety of relatives, friends\ud and neighbours. This introduces the notion of ‘vicarious fear of crime’ that may also be an\ud important influence on health outcomes.
  • References (19)
    19 references, page 1 of 2

    1. Cohen, M. A., and Miller, T.R.(1998) 'The cost of mental health care for victims of crime', Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 1998, 13 (1), pp. 93-110.

    2. Norris, F., and Kaniasty, K.(1994) 'Psychological Distress Following Criminal Victimization in the General Population - Cross-sectional, Longitudinal and Prospective Analyses', Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 1994, 62 (1), pp. 111-123.

    3. Davis, R., and Friedman, L.(1985) 'The Emotional Aftermath of Rape and Violence', in C. Figley (Ed.), Trauma and its Wake: the Study and Treatment of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. New York: Brunner Mazel, 1985.

    4. Lurigio, A., and Resick, P.(1990), 'Healing the Psychological Wounds of Criminal Victimisation: Predicting Post Crime Stress and Recovery', in A. Lurigio, W. Skogan, & R. Davis (Ed.), Victims of Crime: Problems, Policies and Programs, CA: Sage, Newbury.

    5. Resick, P.(1987): 'Psychological Effects of Victimization: Implications for the Criminal Justice System'. Crime and Delinquency, 33, pp. 468-478.

    6. Skogan, W. (1987), 'The Impact of Victimisation on Fear', Crime and Delinquency, 33, pp. 135-154.

    7. Wirtz, P., and Harrell, A.(1987a), 'Assaultative versus Non-Assualtative Victimization: A Profile Analysis of Psychological Response', Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 2, pp. 264-277.

    8. Wirtz, P., and Harrell, A.(1987b), 'Victim and Crime Characteristics, Coping Responses and Short-and Long-Term Recovery from Victimization', Journal of Clinical Psychology, 55 pp. 866-871.

    9. McCabe A., Raine, J.(1997), Framing the Debate: The Impact of Crime on Public Health, Birmingham: Public Health Alliance.

    10. Simmons, J. (2002) Crime in England and Wales 2001/2002. London: Crime and Criminal Justice Unit, Home Office.

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