The UMP - a `new' party? Findings from research in two federations
This thesis examines the Union pour un Mouvement Populaire (UMP) as a political party and an organisation through the examination of two party federations: Hauts-de-Seine and Yvelines.\ud This is undertaken via a study of the groups within the UMP, as well as by developing a perspective on the history of conflict within the Centre-Right in the French Fifth Republic, retracing the formation of the UMP and conducting questionnaires and interviews with party activists in Hauts-de-Seine and Yvelines. The empirical fieldwork is examined within the broad framework of the party system literature. The UMP is a party that has formed out of a variety of political currents and traditions creating an internally diverse party, and this is examined through a look at the political families in the party and the party federations of Hauts-de-Seine and Yvelines to get a view of the party at the point of time of the fieldwork.\ud The thesis examines the party in these two federations through the eyes of the party activists in order to understand the party at the base. This seeks to study what the party is on the ground in these federations: what groups exist within the party (both in terms of the former parties and political currents), what sort of organisation the UMP is, how the activists relate to the organisation, as well as the relationship between the lower levels of the party and the national party. This thesis seeks to answer the question: What sort of party is the UMP as an organisation in these federations, in regards to institutions and what the party sees as its main goals, and what role does internal diversity have within the party?