Lead-free piezoelectric K0.5Bi0.5TiO3–Bi(Mg0.5Ti0.5)O3 ceramics with depolarisation temperatures up to ~220 C
- Publisher: Springer Verlag (Germany)
The properties of K0.5Bi0.5TiO3-rich ceramic solid solutions in the system (1 - x)K0.5Bi0.5TiO3– xBi(Mg0.5Ti0.5)O3 are reported. The highest values of piezoelectric charge coefficient, d33, and field-induced strains are found in compositions located close to a compositional boundary between single-phase tetragonal and mixed tetragonal ? cubic perovskite phases. Maximum d33 values were *150 pC/N for x = 0.03, with positive strains of *0.25 %; the x = 0.04 composition had a d33 * 133 pC/N and strain of 0.35 % (bipolar electric field, 50 kV/ cm, 1 Hz). Depolarisation temperature Td is an important selection criterion for any lead-free piezoelectric for actuator or sensor applications. A Td of *220 C for x = 0.03 is *100 C higher than for the widely reported Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3–BaTiO3 system, yet d33 values and strains are similar, suggesting the new material is worthy of further attention as a lead-free piezoceramic for elevated temperature applications.
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