Anti-doping inconsistencies snare American star

Article English OPEN
Charlish, P. ; Heywood, R. (2007)

<p>This article examines the inconsistencies associated with doping control and explains the inequity which results from such inconsistent application particularly where the violation is caused by a recreational substance. This is achieved through an analysis of the WADA code anti-doping rules and the interrelationship with the principle of strict liability and an examination of the recent case IRB v. Keyter. The application of these rules creates impossible behavioural burden on athletes; ultimately this may result in a further challenge to the legal status of such rules under EU competition law.</p>
  • References (48)
    48 references, page 1 of 5

    RECREATIONAL DRUGS: INCONSISTENCIES & RECENT CASE LAW.............................7

    CASE STUDY: INTERNATIONAL RUGBY BOARD V KEYTER ...........................................10

    A. The Facts.........................................................................................................10

    B. The Arguments for Extending the Ban ............................................................11

    C. Discussion: Legal Analysis .............................................................................12 1. Proof of How the Substance Entered the Body .........................................12 2. No Fault or Negligence .............................................................................13 3. No 'Significant Fault or Negligence' ........................................................14

    1. Int'l Rugby Bd. v. Keyter, CAS 2006/A/1067 (Ct. Arb. Sport 2006).

    Discussion: Wider Implications ......................................................................15

    1. The Nature of the Banned Substance ........................................................15

    2. An Unrealistic Expectation for Sports Participants ...................................19

    28. Meca-Medina, 2006 ECJ CELEX LEXIS 373 at ΒΆ 43. 29. Gasser v. Stinson, (Q.B.D. June 15, 1988) (LEXIS, England and Wales Reported and Unreported Cases). 30. M. Beloff, Editorial, [2006] ISLR 81. 31. Id. 32. A former United States Rugby Union international. 33. An English Premiership association football club. 34. See The ARU Panel's Verdict, printed in SYDNEY MORN. HERALD, July 25, 2006, available at

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