Neolithic building technology and the social context of construction practices: the case of northern Greece

Doctoral thesis English OPEN
Kloukinas, Dimitrios
  • Subject: CC | DF

This thesis addresses building technology and the social implications of house construction contributing to the understanding of past societies. The spatiotemporal context of the study is the Neolithic period (ca. 6600/6500–3300/3200 cal BC) in northern Greece (Macedonia and Thrace).\ud All available evidence from various excavations in the region is assembled and synthesised. The principal house types (semi-subterranean structures and above-ground dwellings) and their technological characteristics in terms of materials and techniques are discussed. In addition, the building remains from the late Middle/Late Neolithic settlement of Avgi (Kastoria, Greece) are thoroughly examined. Their study highlights the potentials of a detailed, micro-scale investigation and puts forth a methodology for the technological analysis of house rubble in the form of fire-hardened daub. The data deriving from both the survey of dwelling remains in northern Greece and the case study are examined within their wider sociocultural context.\ud The technological repertoire of the region, although indicating the sharing of a common ‘architectural vocabulary’, reveals alternative chaînes opératoires and variability in different stages of the building process. Variability and patterning are more pronounced during the later stages of the Neolithic. The distribution of architectural choices does not suggest the existence of established and region-wide shared architectural traditions. However, the circulation of specific techniques and conceptions points to the operation of overlapping networks of technological and social interaction.\ud At the site-specific scale, sameness and standardisation in building technology are the prominent themes. Nevertheless, different trends towards standardisation or variability are observed and are approached in terms of social interaction and intra-community dynamics. What is more, domestic architecture is not necessarily static in the long term. Change occurs and is often associated with the transformation of these dynamics. Occasional evidence of intra-site variability in building techniques and the more pronounced anchoring into space during the later stages of the Neolithic period are considered as a result of the changing relationship between social units and the community. The appearance of stone and mud(brick) architecture in Late Neolithic central Macedonia is approached in these terms.\ud ii
  • References (59)
    59 references, page 1 of 6

    Figure 3.2 Map of northern Greek sites mentioned in Chapters 4-6. .................................... 68 Figure 4.1 Dispilio: aerial view of the excavation (Sofronidou 2008, 15, fig. 5). ................... 69 Figure 4.2 Dispilio: view of the open-air museum (Grammenos 2010, 33, fig. 2-2β) .......... 70 Figure 4.3 Dispilio: waterlogged timbers and postholes (Chatzitoulousis 2008, 94, fig. 1).. 71 Figure 4.11 Servia: plan of phase III structures, Area F (Mould & Wardle 2000a, 31, fig.

    2.3). .................................................................................................................................................... 81 Figure 4.12 Servia: plan of phase IV structure 7, Area D (Mould & Wardle 2000a, 39, fig.

    2.6). .................................................................................................................................................... 81 Figure 4.13 Servia: phase V structure 1, Area F (Mould & Wardle 2000a, 46, plate 2.6a). .. 83 Figure 4.14 Servia: phase VI structure 1, Area F (Mould & Wardle 2000a, 46, plate 2.6b). 83 Figure 4.15 Servia: plan of phase VII structures, Area F (Mould & Wardle 2000a, 49, fig.

    .......................................................................................................................................................... 223 Figure 5.75 Daub fragments with macroscopically vissible inclusions. ................................ 224 Figure 5.76 Proportions of daub containing macroscopically visible incidental inclusions.

    Merousis, Ν. and Ε. Stefani 2006. Ο νεολιθικός οικισμός στον Πολυπλάτανο Ημαθίας: η ανασκαφική έρευνα και η μελέτη του υλικού (2001-2004). To Archaiologiko Ergo sti Makedonia kai Thraki 18 (2004), 455-64.

    Miller, H.M.-L. 2007. Archaeological approaches to technology. London: Elsevier.

    Miller, M. 2003. Appendix 9.3: technical aspects of ornament production at Sitagroi. In E.S.

    Elster and C. Renfrew (eds), Prehistoric Sitagroi: excavations in northeast Greece, 1968-1970, volume 2: the final report, 369-82. Los Angeles: The Cotsen Institute of Archaeology at UCLA.

    Milojčić, V. 1983. Die deutchen Ausgrabungen auf der Otzaki-Magoula in Thessalien: I. Das frühe Neolithikum. Beiträge zur ur- und frühgeschichltichen Archäologie des MittelmeerKulturraumes 10, 11. Bonn: Rudolf Habelt.

    Mitcham, C. 1979. Philosophy and the history of technology. In G. Bugliarello and D. B.

  • Metrics
    0
    views in OpenAIRE
    0
    views in local repository
    225
    downloads in local repository

    The information is available from the following content providers:

    From Number Of Views Number Of Downloads
    Online Research @ Cardiff - IRUS-UK 0 225
Share - Bookmark