publication . Book . 2000

The Migration of Railway Freight Transport from Command Economy to Market Economy: The Case of China.

Xie, R.; Chen, H.; Nash, C.;
Open Access English
  • Published: 01 Aug 2000
  • Publisher: Institute of Transport Studies, University of Leeds
  • Country: United Kingdom
Abstract
In recent years, the Chinese railways freight transport has been facing great challenges from the transport market and economic expansion. The total freight volume has been increasing. But the market share of railway freight has decreased greatly, especially since the beginning of migration from command economy to market economy. In this paper, we make some insight into five aspects. Firstly, the historical and current situation of freight transport in China and the relationship between economic development and freight transport is analysed. Secondly, the market structure of freight. Thirdly, the causes resulting in the loss of market share of Chinese Railways a...
27 references, page 1 of 2

2.1 Introduction to Chinese railway transport ................................................................ 7

2.2 The freight volume over the past decade in China.................................................... 8 2.2.1 The market share of freight traffic by mode............................................................ 8 2.2.2 The market share of freight by modes in tonne-kilometres..................................... 9

2.3 The worldwide background....................................................................................... 10 2.3.1 New logistic concept ............................................................................................. 10 2.3.2 Increasing demand for “door-to-door” transport................................................... 10 2.3.3 New transport techniques ...................................................................................... 10 2.3.4 New structure of economy and production ........................................................... 11 2.3.5 Pressure from environment ................................................................................... 11 2.3.6 Economic globalisation ......................................................................................... 11

3.1 Rail goods transport is slow and information is poor ............................................. 16

3.2 The development of railway container transport is slow........................................ 16

3.3 Failure to adapt to the change of product structure and market demand ........... 17

3.4 The rigid management system and ideological barrier of Chinese Railways ....... 17

3.5 The low operation efficiency of railway freight ....................................................... 18

4.1 The current attitude of central government to the railways .................................. 20 4.1.1 Investment in infrastructure................................................................................... 20 4.1.2 Decentralisation and deregulation ......................................................................... 20

4.2 The recent reform in Chinese Railways ................................................................... 20 4.2.1 Reforming transport plan and train organisation................................................... 21 4.2.2 Improving service quality...................................................................................... 21 4.2.3 Improving service facilities and equipment .......................................................... 21

4.3 Effects of reform ......................................................................................................... 22 4.3.1 The railway traffic volume and market share began to increase........................... 22 4.3.2 The railway productivity raised significantly........................................................ 22 4.3.3 Train speed is raised .............................................................................................. 22 4.3.4 The economic effects are significant..................................................................... 22

5.2 Further Measurements which must be taken by Chinese Railways...................... 23

CLARKE, B. D and CHATTERJEE, A, et al. 1996,Intermodal Freight Transportation and Highway Safety. Transportation Quarterly, Vol. 50, No.1, pp.97-110

CANTOS, P, 1999, Productivity, Efficiency and Technical Change in the European Railways: A Non-Parametric Approach. Transportation, 26, pp.337-357

HALL, D. R., 1993, Transport and Economic Development in the New Central and Eastern Europe. Belhaven Press, London and New York.

27 references, page 1 of 2
Powered by OpenAIRE Open Research Graph
Any information missing or wrong?Report an Issue