publication . Article . Other literature type . 2014

Cardiovascular Risk and Events in 17 Low-, Middle-, and High-Income Countries

Roya Kelishadi;
Open Access English
  • Published: 28 Aug 2014
  • Publisher: Massachusetts Medical Society
Abstract
BACKGROUND More than 80% of deaths from cardiovascular disease are estimated to occur in low-income and middle-income countries, but the reasons are unknown. METHODS We enrolled 156,424 persons from 628 urban and rural communities in 17 countries (3 high-income, 10 middle-income, and 4 low-income countries) and assessed their cardiovascular risk using the INTERHEART Risk Score, a validated score for quantifying risk-factor burden without the use of laboratory testing (with higher scores indicating greater risk-factor burden). Participants were followed for incident cardiovascular disease and death for a mean of 4.1 years. RESULTS The mean INTERHEART Risk Score w...
Subjects
free text keywords: Framingham Risk Score, Myocardial infarction, medicine.disease, medicine, Case fatality rate, Surgery, medicine.medical_specialty, business.industry, business, Disease, Stroke, Population health, Diabetes mellitus, Developing country, Demography, Medical emergency
25 references, page 1 of 2

1. Murray CJL, Vos T, Lozano R, et al.

Disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for 291 diseases and injuries in 21 regions, 1990-2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010.

Lancet 2012;380:2197-223.

2. Walker AR, Walker BF, Segal I. Some puzzling situations in the onset, occurrence and future of coronary heart disease in developed and developing populations, particularly such in sub-Saharan Africa. J R Soc Promot Health 2004;124: 40-6.

3. Marmot M. Coronary heart disease: rise and fall of a modern epidemic. In: Marmot M, Elliot P, eds. Coronary heart disease epidemiology: from aetiology to public health. Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press, 1992:3-19.

4. O'Flaherty M, Buchan I, Capewell S.

Contributions of treatment and lifestyle to declining CVD mortality: why have CVD mortality rates declined so much since the 1960s? Heart 2013;99:159-62.

5. Stringhini S, Viswanathan B, Gédéon J, Paccaud F, Bovet P. The social transition of risk factors for cardiovascular disease in the African region: evidence from three cross-sectional surveys in the Seychelles.

Int J Cardiol 2013;168:1201-6.

6. Krishnamurthi RV, Feigin VL, Forouzanfar MH, et al. Global and regional burden of first-ever ischaemic and haemorrhagic stroke during 1990-2010: findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. Lancet Glob Health 2013;1(5):e259- e281. [OpenAIRE]

7. Teo K, Chow CK, Vaz M, Rangarajan S, Yusuf S. The Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) study: examining the impact of societal inf luences on chronic noncommunicable diseases in low-, middle-, and high-income countries. Am Heart J 2009;158(1):1.e1-7.e1.

8. Corsi DJ, Subramanian SV, Chow CK, et al. Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) study: baseline characteristics of the household sample and com826 n engl j med 371;9 parative analyses with national data in 17 countries. Am Heart J 2013;166:636-46 9. Yusuf S, Islam S, Chow CK, et al. Use of secondary prevention drugs for cardiovascular disease in the community in high-income, middle-income, and lowincome countries (the PURE Study): a prospective epidemiological survey. Lancet 2011;378:1231-43.

10. Chow CK, Teo KK, Rangarajan S, et al. Prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension in rural and urban communities in high-, middle-, and low-income countries. JAMA 2013;310: 959-68.

11. Yusuf S, Hawken S, Ounpuu S, et al.

Effect of potentially modifiable risk factors associated with myocardial infarction in 52 countries (the INTERHEART study): case-control study. Lancet 2004; 364:937-52.

25 references, page 1 of 2
Abstract
BACKGROUND More than 80% of deaths from cardiovascular disease are estimated to occur in low-income and middle-income countries, but the reasons are unknown. METHODS We enrolled 156,424 persons from 628 urban and rural communities in 17 countries (3 high-income, 10 middle-income, and 4 low-income countries) and assessed their cardiovascular risk using the INTERHEART Risk Score, a validated score for quantifying risk-factor burden without the use of laboratory testing (with higher scores indicating greater risk-factor burden). Participants were followed for incident cardiovascular disease and death for a mean of 4.1 years. RESULTS The mean INTERHEART Risk Score w...
Subjects
free text keywords: Framingham Risk Score, Myocardial infarction, medicine.disease, medicine, Case fatality rate, Surgery, medicine.medical_specialty, business.industry, business, Disease, Stroke, Population health, Diabetes mellitus, Developing country, Demography, Medical emergency
25 references, page 1 of 2

1. Murray CJL, Vos T, Lozano R, et al.

Disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for 291 diseases and injuries in 21 regions, 1990-2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010.

Lancet 2012;380:2197-223.

2. Walker AR, Walker BF, Segal I. Some puzzling situations in the onset, occurrence and future of coronary heart disease in developed and developing populations, particularly such in sub-Saharan Africa. J R Soc Promot Health 2004;124: 40-6.

3. Marmot M. Coronary heart disease: rise and fall of a modern epidemic. In: Marmot M, Elliot P, eds. Coronary heart disease epidemiology: from aetiology to public health. Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press, 1992:3-19.

4. O'Flaherty M, Buchan I, Capewell S.

Contributions of treatment and lifestyle to declining CVD mortality: why have CVD mortality rates declined so much since the 1960s? Heart 2013;99:159-62.

5. Stringhini S, Viswanathan B, Gédéon J, Paccaud F, Bovet P. The social transition of risk factors for cardiovascular disease in the African region: evidence from three cross-sectional surveys in the Seychelles.

Int J Cardiol 2013;168:1201-6.

6. Krishnamurthi RV, Feigin VL, Forouzanfar MH, et al. Global and regional burden of first-ever ischaemic and haemorrhagic stroke during 1990-2010: findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. Lancet Glob Health 2013;1(5):e259- e281. [OpenAIRE]

7. Teo K, Chow CK, Vaz M, Rangarajan S, Yusuf S. The Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) study: examining the impact of societal inf luences on chronic noncommunicable diseases in low-, middle-, and high-income countries. Am Heart J 2009;158(1):1.e1-7.e1.

8. Corsi DJ, Subramanian SV, Chow CK, et al. Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) study: baseline characteristics of the household sample and com826 n engl j med 371;9 parative analyses with national data in 17 countries. Am Heart J 2013;166:636-46 9. Yusuf S, Islam S, Chow CK, et al. Use of secondary prevention drugs for cardiovascular disease in the community in high-income, middle-income, and lowincome countries (the PURE Study): a prospective epidemiological survey. Lancet 2011;378:1231-43.

10. Chow CK, Teo KK, Rangarajan S, et al. Prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension in rural and urban communities in high-, middle-, and low-income countries. JAMA 2013;310: 959-68.

11. Yusuf S, Hawken S, Ounpuu S, et al.

Effect of potentially modifiable risk factors associated with myocardial infarction in 52 countries (the INTERHEART study): case-control study. Lancet 2004; 364:937-52.

25 references, page 1 of 2
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publication . Article . Other literature type . 2014

Cardiovascular Risk and Events in 17 Low-, Middle-, and High-Income Countries

Roya Kelishadi;