publication . Article . Preprint . 2017

DES15E2mlf: A Spectroscopically Confirmed Superluminous Supernova that Exploded 3.5 Gyr After the Big Bang

Pan, Y-C; Foley, RJ; Smith, M; Galbany, L; D'Andrea, CB; Gonzalez-Gaitan, S; Jarvis, MJ; Kessler, R; Kovacs, E; Lidman, C; ...
  • Published: 01 Oct 2017 Journal: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, volume 470, issue 4 (issn: 0035-8711, eissn: 1365-2966, Copyright policy)
Abstract
We present the Dark Energy Survey (DES) discovery of DES15E2mlf, the most distant superluminous supernova (SLSN) spectroscopically confirmed to date. The light curves and Gemini spectroscopy of DES15E2mlf indicate that it is a Type I superluminous supernova (SLSN-I) at z = 1.861 (a lookback time of ~10 Gyr) and peaking at M_AB = -22.3 +/- 0.1 mag. Given the high redshift, our data probe the rest-frame ultraviolet (1400-3500 A) properties of the SN, finding velocity of the C III feature changes by ~5600 km/s over 14 days around maximum light. We find the host galaxy of DES15E2mlf has a stellar mass of 3.5^+3.6_-2.4 x 10^9 M_sun, which is more massive than the typ...
Subjects
free text keywords: general [supernovae], individual: DES15E2mlf [supernovae], astro-ph.GA, astro-ph.SR, Astronomy & Astrophysics, Astronomical and Space Sciences, Science & Technology, Physical Sciences, Astronomy & Astrophysics, supernovae: general, supernovae: individual: DES15E2mlf, MASS-METALLICITY RELATION, DIGITAL SKY SURVEY, STAR-FORMING GALAXIES, LUMINOUS SUPERNOVAE, IA SUPERNOVAE, REDSHIFTS, EVOLUTION, EXPLOSIONS, ORIGIN, SAMPLE, supernovae: individual: DES15E2mlf, supernovae: general, [PHYS.ASTR]Physics [physics]/Astrophysics [astro-ph], [ PHYS.ASTR ] Physics [physics]/Astrophysics [astro-ph], QB, Astrophysics - Astrophysics of Galaxies, Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics, Supernova, Light curve, Astronomy, Physics, Dark energy, Astrophysics, Stellar mass, Redshift, Big Bang, Spectroscopy, Galaxy
Funded by
EC| TESTDE
Project
TESTDE
Testing the Dark Energy Paradigm and Measuring Neutrino Mass with the Dark Energy Survey
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 291329
  • Funding stream: FP7 | SP2 | ERC
,
EC| COGS
Project
COGS
Capitalizing on Gravitational Shear
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 240672
  • Funding stream: FP7 | SP2 | ERC
,
NSF| Collaborative Research: The Dark Energy Survey Data Management Operations
Project
  • Funder: National Science Foundation (NSF)
  • Project Code: 1138766
  • Funding stream: Directorate for Mathematical & Physical Sciences | Division of Astronomical Sciences
,
EC| SPCND
Project
SPCND
Supernovae: Physics and Cosmology in the Next Decade
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 615929
  • Funding stream: FP7 | SP2 | ERC
,
EC| COSMICDAWN
Project
COSMICDAWN
Understanding the Origin of Cosmic Structure
  • Funder: European Commission (EC)
  • Project Code: 306478
  • Funding stream: FP7 | SP2 | ERC
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publication . Article . Preprint . 2017

DES15E2mlf: A Spectroscopically Confirmed Superluminous Supernova that Exploded 3.5 Gyr After the Big Bang

Pan, Y-C; Foley, RJ; Smith, M; Galbany, L; D'Andrea, CB; Gonzalez-Gaitan, S; Jarvis, MJ; Kessler, R; Kovacs, E; Lidman, C; ...