Target Salt 2025: A Global Overview of National Programs to Encourage the Food Industry to Reduce Salt in Foods

Other literature type, Article English OPEN
Webster, Jacqui ; Trieu, Kathy ; Dunford, Elizabeth ; Hawkes, Corinna (2014)
  • Publisher: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
  • Journal: Nutrients, volume 6, issue 8, pages 3,274-3,287 (issn: 2072-6643, eissn: 2072-6643)
  • Related identifiers: pmc: PMC4145308, doi: 10.3390/nu6083274
  • Subject: sodium | government initiative | food composition | food industry | cardiovascular diseases | international | monitoring | Article | salt reduction | RA
    mesheuropmc: digestive, oral, and skin physiology

Reducing population salt intake has been identified as a priority intervention to reduce non-communicable diseases. Member States of the World Health Organization have agreed to a global target of a 30% reduction in salt intake by 2025. In countries where most salt consumed is from processed foods, programs to engage the food industry to reduce salt in products are being developed. This paper provides a comprehensive overview of national initiatives to encourage the food industry to reduce salt. A systematic review of the literature was supplemented by key informant questionnaires to inform categorization of the initiatives. Fifty nine food industry salt reduction programs were identified. Thirty eight countries had targets for salt levels in foods and nine countries had introduced legislation for some products. South Africa and Argentina have both introduced legislation limiting salt levels across a broad range of foods. Seventeen countries reported reductions in salt levels in foods—the majority in bread. While these trends represent progress, many countries have yet to initiate work in this area, others are at early stages of implementation and further monitoring is required to assess progress towards achieving the global target.
  • References (48)
    48 references, page 1 of 5

    World Health Organization. A Comprehensive Global Monitoring Framework Including Indicators and a Set of Voluntary Global Targets for the Prevention and Control of Non-Communicable Diseases. Available online: http://www.who.int/nmh/events/2012/ discussion_paper2_20120322.pdf (accessed on 27 June 2014).

    Neal, B.; Yangfeng, W.; Li, N. The Effectiveness and Costs of Population Interventions to Reduce Salt Consumption; World Health Organization: Geneva, Switerland, 2007.

    3. Dahl, L.K.; Leitl, G.; Heine, M. Influence of dietary potassium and sodium/potassium molar ratios on the development of salt hypertension. J. Exp. Med. 1972, 136, 318-330.

    4. He, F.J.; MacGregor, G.A. Reducing population salt intake worldwide: From evidence to implementation. Prog. Cardiovasc. Dis. 2010, 52, 363-382.

    5. Strazzullo, P.; D'Elia, L.; Kandala, N.B.; Cappuccio, F.P. Salt intake, stroke, and cardiovascular disease: Meta-analysis of prospective studies. BMJ 2009, 339, b4567, doi:10.1136/bmj.b4567.

    6. Mohan, S.; Campbell, N. Salt and high blood pressure. Clin. Sci. 2009, 117, 1-11.

    7. Asaria, P.; Chisholm, D.; Mathers, C.; Ezzati, M.; Beaglehole, R. Chronic disease prevention: Health effects and financial costs of strategies to reduce salt intake and control tobacco use. Lancet 2007, 370, 2044-2053.

    8. Bibbins-Domingo, K.; Chertow, G.M.; Coxson, P.G.; Moran, A.; Lightwood, J.M.; Pletcher, M.J.; Goldman, L. Projected effect of dietary salt reductions on future cardiovascular disease. N. Engl. J. Med. 2010, 362, 590-599.

    9. Anderson, C.A.; Appel, L.J.; Okuda, N.; Brown, I.J.; Chan, Q.; Zhao, L.; Ueshima, H.; Kesteloot, H.; Miura, K.; Curb, J.D.; et al. Dietary sources of sodium in China, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States, women and men aged 40 to 59 years: The INTERMAP study. J. Am. Diet Assoc. 2010, 110, 736-745.

    10. Mattes, R.D.; Donnelly, D. Relative contributions of dietary sodium sources. J. Am. Coll. Nutr. 1991, 10, 383-393.

  • Metrics
    No metrics available
Share - Bookmark