Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of community singing on the mental health related quality of life of the older population: a randomized controlled trial

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Coulton, S. ; Clift, S. M. ; Skingley, A. ; Rodriguez, J. (2015)

Background: As the population ages, older people account for a greater proportion of the health and social care budget. While some research has been conducted on the use of music therapy for specific clinical populations, little rigorous research has been conducted looking at the value of community singing on the mental health-related quality of life of older people.\ud \ud Aims: To evaluate the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of community group singing for a population of older people in England.\ud \ud Method: A pilot pragmatic individual randomized controlled trial comparing group singing versus usual activities in those aged 60 years or more.\ud \ud Results: 258 participants were recruited across 5 centres in East Kent. At 6 months post-randomisation significant differences were observed in terms of mental health related quality of life measured using the SF12, mean difference 2.35 (95% CI 0.06 to 4.76) in favour of group singing. In addition the intervention was found to be marginally more cost-effective than usual activities. At 3 months significant differences were observed in terms of mental health components of quality of life (4.77; 2.53 to 7.01) anxiety (-1.78; -2.5; -1.06) and depression (-1.52; -2.13 to -0.92). \ud \ud Conclusions: Community group singing appears to have a significant effect on mental health related quality of life, anxiety and depression and may be a useful intervention to maintain and enhance the mental health of the older population.
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