Can grey ravens fly? Beyond Frayling's categories

Article English OPEN
Belcher, SD (2014)

This paper analyses the effect of Christopher Frayling's (1993) categorisation of artistic research ‘research into art and design, research through art and design and research for art and design’ on the debate surrounding the efficacy of studio-based artistic research as being valid within the university. James Elkins (2009:128) describes this as ‘the incommensurability of studio art production and university life’. Through an exploration of the positive and negative responses to Frayling this paper seeks to explore the influence that these initial definitions have come to have on framing the scope of the debate. The paper presents a range of responses and analyses them and focuses especially on the alternative frameworks that have been suggested and examines why they have so far not created a coherent and uncontested frame-work for practice-led research in the art and design field especially in relation to fine art.
  • References (2)

    Archer LB (1984) Systematic Method for Designers, in Cross N (ed.) 1984. Developments in Design Methodology, Chichester: John Wiley & Sons. 57-82, (Originally published by The Design Council, London 1965.) Biggs M (2000) 'Foundations of practice-based research: proceedings of the research into practice conference'. Working Papers in Art and Design Volume 1. Available at: (accessed 16th August 2012).

    Stezaker J quoted in Roberts J (ed.) (1997) The Impossible Document: Photography and Conceptual Art in Britain 1966 - 1976, Camerawords, London, 161.

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