A longitudinal building fabric and energy performance analysis of two homes built to different energy principles

Article English OPEN
Bros-Williamsom, Julio. ; Garnier, Celine. ; Currie, JOhn I. (2016)
  • Publisher: Elsevier
  • Subject: Post-occupancy | Building performance | Energy | Social housing | Longitudinal studies | 624 Civil engineering | TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) | Institute for Sustainable Construction | Sustainable Communities

This paper reports on the building performance monitoring and annual energy demand of two homes built side-by-side over an occupancy period of three years. The study compares the results from on-site monitoring against the assumed parameters and calculations from compliance modelling at design stage. It focuses on the differences and impact of occupancy behaviour, weather conditions, quality of construction and operation which contribute to an increase in energy consumption creating a gap in performance between design and actual. The results from the study show disparities in the fabric performance reflecting on the overall consumption of energy. This longitudinal analysis highlights how building performance needs to be evaluated over longer periods in order to fully understand how homes and their occupants operate and consume energy. The impact of the real performance of homes in Scotland over longer periods needs to become standardised, and a mechanism for feedback into regulatory mechanisms and construction practices applied, if carbon emission targets are to be met.
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