An analysis of culture as a tourism commodity

Article English OPEN
Maccarrone-Eaglen, A

The notion of culture has been the object of multidisciplinary studies attempting, with difficulty, to\ud define this polyhedral social concept expressed in symbolic representations. Culture has a significant\ud role in tourism functioning as an internationally promoted commodity, a role that has often\ud been the subject of debates among academics concerned about the vilification of culture’s primary\ud social role. This article analyzes the complexity of the concept of culture in combination with the\ud characteristics of a product, as conceived in marketing, focusing on the levels of product theory\ud from Kotler and Armstrong. The research is based on secondary data analysis in the discussion.\ud This incorporates culture’s symbolic representations, its tangibility and intangibility, its multiplicity\ud of interpretations and meanings, the ambiguous status of ownership by the buyer and its versatility\ud to satisfy consumers’ needs while functioning as a unit of identification for a society. As a product\ud culture presents a unique configuration with a construct of four different dimensions highlighting\ud the need for special consideration in culture’s marketing process. The research could also be considered\ud as a platform for future investigations on the subject and as supporting material in education.\ud Key words: Cultu
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