Is there a relationship between prism fusion range and vergence facility?

Article English OPEN
Melville, A.C. ; Firth, A.Y. (2002)

Aim: To investigate the relationship between prism\ud fusion range (PFR) and vergence facility (VF)\ud measurements in subjects with normal binocular\ud vision.\ud \ud \ud Methods: Twenty-eight subjects (mean age 19 ± 1\ud years) with normal binocular single vision (BSV)\ud underwent measurement of the PFR and VF in a\ud varied order, at a test distance of 1/3 m. The PFR\ud measurements recorded were the base out (BO) range\ud to blur and break point and base in (BI) range to\ud break point. The total PFR was calculated. The VF\ud was assessed over a 1 min time period using a 12(Δ)BO/\ud 3(Δ)BI flip prism and recorded in cycles per minute\ud (cpm).\ud \ud \ud Results: No correlation was demonstrable between\ud any of the single measures of the PFR and the VF\ud results. The BO PFR to break point and the BI PFR\ud results obtained (means 46(Δ) BO and 14(Δ) BI) were not\ud significantly different from quoted ‘normal’ values.\ud The VF results obtained (mean 12 ± 4.2 cpm) were\ud found to be significantly different from the reported\ud mean value.\ud \ud \ud Conclusion: In a group of young adults with normal\ud BSV, no correlation between PFR and VF was found.\ud The two tests may quantify different aspects of\ud vergence or, alternatively, results of one or both tests\ud in this study may be unreliable.
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