The battle of the sexes over distribution of male surplus

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Wooders, Myrna Holtz ; Berg, Hugo van den (2001)
  • Publisher: University of Warwick, Department of Economics
  • Subject: QA | HM
    mesheuropmc: food and beverages

Female primates carry and nurse the fetus, and thus have the first responsibility for rearing the offspring. Assuming males are at least equally adept at obtaining food, males might either share surplus food with females or consume the food themselves. The distribution of the surplus is the subject of a battle of the sexes. If females succeed in obtaining a large share of the surplus, then there is little size dimorphism between males and females; otherwise males use the surplus themselves to become larger and stronger, and to engage in sexual competition with other males. Besides competing with males, females may compete with each other. Dependency may coincide with sexual competitiveness (sexiness). This paper introduces these ideas in a game theoretic setting and derives a simple bound on the male ‘sexiness’ required for a nonsupportive strategy to be worthwhile.
  • References (4)

    [1] Clutton-Brock, T. H. The evolution of parental care with original drawings by Princeton, NJ.; Oxford : Princeton University Press, 1991.

    [2] Dunbar, R. (1996) Gossip, Grooming and the Evolution of Language, Faber and Faber Ltd. London.

    [3] Dunbar, R. (1992) “Mating and parental care,” in The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Human Evolution, eds. S. Jones. R. Martin and D. Pilbean, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK., 150-152.

    [4] Fleagle, J.G. (1999) ond Edition, Academic York/Sydney/Tokyo/Toronto.

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