Radi(c)al Departures: Comparing Conventional Octolinear Versus Concentric Circles Schematic Maps for the Berlin U-Bahn/S-Bahn Networks Using Objective and Subjective Measures of Effectiveness

Article English OPEN
Roberts, MJ ; Newton, E ; Canals, M (2016)

An experiment is reported in which two designs of Berlin U-/S-Bahn network maps were\ud compared for usability. One was conventional, based on standard schematic design rules used\ud worldwide: Straight lines with tightly radiused corners, and only horizontal, vertical, or 45º\ud diagonal angles permitted. The other was a novel concept, based on concentric circles and\ud spokes radiating from a central point. The former has the benefit of simple line trajectories,\ud the latter potentially has the benefit of a coherent overall appearance. The experiment\ud investigated both an objective performance measure (time required to plan complex journeys)\ud and a variety of subjective measures (choice between maps, ratings of statements associated\ud with usability, direct ratings of usability). All subjects planned journeys using both designs.\ud Overall, performance was worse for the concentric circles map, and it received poor ratings.\ud However, in line with previous research, objective and subjective measures were dissociated.\ud For example, many subjects expressed a preference for the design that was not the best for\ud them in terms of objective performance.
  • References (18)
    18 references, page 1 of 2

    Bartram, D. J. (1980). Comprehending spatial information: The relative efficiency of different methods of presenting information about bus routes. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 65, 103-110.

    Bornstein, R. F. (1989). Exposure and affect: Overview and meta-analysis of research, 1968--1987. Psychological Bulletin, 106, 265-289.

    Bronzaft, A. L., & Dobrow, S. B. (1984). Improving transit information systems. Journal of Environmental Systems, 13, 365-376.

    Bronzaft, A. L., Dobrow, S. B., & O'Hanlon, T. J. (1976). Spatial orientation in a subway system. Environment & Behavior, 8, 575-594.

    Burch, M., Kurzhals, K., Raschke, M., Blascheck, T., & Weiskopf, D. (2014). How do people read metro maps? An eye tracking study. Schematic Mapping Workshop 2014, University of Essex, April. https://sites.google.com/site/schematicmapping/BurchEyeTracking.pdf [accessed 20/11/2015]

    Carpenter, P. A. Just, M. A., and Shell, P. (1990). What one intelligence test measures: A theoretical account of the processing in the Raven Progressive Matrices test. Psychological Review, 97, 404-431.

    Chabris, C., & Simons, D. (2010). The invisible gorilla. New York: Crown Publishing.

    Chi, M. T. H., Feltovich, P. J., & Glaser, R. (1981). Categorization and representation of physics problems by experts and novices. Cognitive Science, 5, 121-152.

    Dow, A. (2005). Telling the passenger where to get off. Harrow Weald, UK: Capital Transport Publishing.

    Fink, M., Lechner, M., & Wolff, A. (2014). Concentric metro maps. Schematic Mapping Workshop 2014, University of Essex, April. https://sites.google.com/site/ schematicmapping/Fink-Concentric.pdf [accessed 20/11/2015]

  • Metrics
    0
    views in OpenAIRE
    0
    views in local repository
    10
    downloads in local repository

    The information is available from the following content providers:

    From Number Of Views Number Of Downloads
    LSBU Research Open - IRUS-UK 0 10
Share - Bookmark