Textiles beyond the MFA phase-out

Book English OPEN
Spinanger, Dean (1998)
  • Publisher: University of Warwick. Centre for the Study of Globalisation and Regionalisation
  • Subject: JZ | HF

The Uruguay Round (UR) Agreement on Textiles and Clothing (ATC), which was meant to undo the MFA, is to be effected by the year 2005 despite inherent tendencies in the past to continually protect textile and clothing (T&C) industries? How did we get into this protectionist quagmire? What lay behind being able to sell protection in importing countries to T&C exporting countries? What pattern of T&C trade has hence evolved and what are the implications thereof? Based on this background the paper analyzes what currently influences where we now are four years after the UR ratification. Aside from tariffs and non-tariff barriers, major influences include regional trade agreements, changing locational demands, normal development trends and shifting factor intensities of production. It is then cautiously concluded that, despite backloading liberalization and factors which increase the pressure from major T&C exporting countries, the wrapping up of the ATC by Jan. 1st., 2005, will be basically abided by, even if it is accompanied by some sidestepping and perhaps postponements.
  • References (10)

    Aggarwal, Vinod K. (1985). Liberal Protectionism - the International Politics of Organized Textile Trade. Berkeley.

    Baughman, Laura, Rolf Mirus, Morris Morkre, Dean Spinanger (1997). "Of Tyre Cords, Ties and Tents - Window-Dressing in the ATC." The World Economy 20 (4): 407-434.

    Finger, J. Michael, Ann Harrison (1996). "The MFA Paradox: More Protection and More Trade?" In: Krueger, Anne O. (ed.), The Political Economy of American Trade Policy: 197-254. Chicago.

    Finger, J. Michael., Merlinda D. Inges, Ulrich Reincke (1996). The Uruguay Round - Statistics on Tariff Concessions Given and Received. Washington, D.C.: The World Bank.

    Francois, Joseph F. (1995). Assessing the Uruguay Round. In: Martin, Will and L.Alan Winters (eds.), The Uruguay Round and the Developing Countries. World Bank, Washington, D.C. World Bank Discussion Papers 307: 117-214.

    Francois, Joseph F. (1996). A User's Guide to Uruguay Round Assessments. WTO Staff Working Paper RD-96-003. London.

    GATT (1972). Study on Textiles (L3797, Add. 1, Add.2). Geneva.

    Hamilton, Carl B. (ed.;1990; ). Textile Trade and the Developing Countries - Eliminating the Multi-Fibre Arrangement in the 1990s. Washington, D.C.

    Krishna, Kala, Ling Hio Tan (1997). The Multifibre Arrangement in Practice: Challenging the Competitive Framework. In: Robertson, David (ed.)., East Asian Trade after the Uruguay Round: 59-77. Cambridge.

    Nguyen, Trien T., Carlo Perroni and Randall M. Wigle (1993). An Evaluation of the Draft Final Act of the Uruguay Round. The Economic Journal 103 (November): 1540-1549.

  • Metrics
    0
    views in OpenAIRE
    0
    views in local repository
    29
    downloads in local repository

    The information is available from the following content providers:

    From Number Of Views Number Of Downloads
    Warwick Research Archives Portal Repository - IRUS-UK 0 29
Share - Bookmark