Imaginary relish and exquisite torture: The elaborated intrusion theory of desire\ud

Article English OPEN
Kavanagh, D.J. ; Andrade, J. ; May, J. (2005)

The authors argue that human desire involves conscious cognition that has\ud strong affective connotation and is potentially involved in the determination\ud of appetitive behavior rather than being epiphenomenal to it. Intrusive\ud thoughts about appetitive targets are triggered automatically by external or\ud physiological cues and by cognitive associates. When intrusions elicit\ud significant pleasure or relief, cognitive elaboration usually ensues.\ud Elaboration competes with concurrent cognitive tasks through retrieval of\ud target-related information and its retention in working memory. Sensory\ud images are especially important products of intrusion and elaboration because\ud they simulate the sensory and emotional qualities of target acquisition. Desire\ud images are momentarily rewarding but amplify awareness of somatic and\ud emotional deficits. Effects of desires on behavior are moderated by competing\ud incentives, target availability, and skills. The theory provides a coherent\ud account of existing data and suggests new directions for research and\ud treatment.
  • References (159)
    159 references, page 1 of 16

    Aarts, H., Dijksterhuis, A., & De Vries, P. (2001). On the psychology of drinking: Being thirsty and perceptually ready. British Journal of Psychology, 92, 631-642.

    Alsene, K. M., Li, Y., Chaverneff, F., & de Wit, H. (2003). Role of abstinence and visual cues on food and smoking craving. Behavioural Pharmacology, 14, 145-151.

    Anderson, M. C., & Green, C. (2001, March 15). Suppressing unwanted memories by executive control. Nature, 410, 366-369.

    Andrade, J., Kavanagh, D. J., & Baddeley, A. D. (1997). Eye movements and visual imagery: A working memory approach to the study of post-traumatic stress disorder. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 36, 209-223.

    Anton, R. F. (2000). Obsessive-compulsive aspects of craving: Development of the Obsessive Compulsive Drinking Scale. Addiction, 95(Supp. 2), S211-S217.

    Avants, S. K., Margolin, A., Kosten, T. R., & Cooney, N. L. (1995). Differences between responders and nonresponders to cocaine cues in the laboratory. Addictive Behaviors, 20, 215-224.

    Baddeley, A. D. (1986). Working memory. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.

    Baddeley, A., & Andrade, J. (2000). Working memory and the vividness of imagery. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 129, 126-145.

    Bandura, A. (1982). Self-efficacy mechanism in human agency. American Psychologist, 37, 122-147.

    Bandura, A. (1986). Social foundations of thought and action: A social-cognitive theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.

  • Metrics
    views in OpenAIRE
    views in local repository
    downloads in local repository

    The information is available from the following content providers:

    From Number Of Views Number Of Downloads
    White Rose Research Online - IRUS-UK 0 839
Share - Bookmark