High-intensity intermittent exercise: effect on young people’s cardiometabolic health and cognition

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Cooper, SB ; Dring, KJ ; Nevill, ME (2016)

With only a quarter of young people currently meeting physical activity guidelines, two key areas of concern are the effects of exercise on cardio-metabolic health and cognition. Despite the fact that physical activity in young people is typically high intensity and intermittent in nature; much of the literature examines traditional endurance type exercise. This review provides an update on the effects of high intensity intermittent exercise on young people’s cardio-metabolic health and cognition. High intensity intermittent exercise has acute beneficial effects on endothelial function and postprandial lipemia and chronic positive effects on weight management. In addition, there is emerging evidence regarding chronic benefits on blood lipid profile, blood pressure and pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines. Furthermore, emerging evidence suggests beneficial acute and chronic effects of high intensity intermittent exercise on cognition. However, further research is required in both cardio-metabolic health and cognition, particularly regarding the impact of school-based interventions in adolescents.
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