The New Life Movement in Jiangxi province, 1934-1938

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Ferlanti, Federica (2010)

This paper discusses the origins and the implementation of the New Life Movement (NLM) in the Jiangxi Province between 1934 and 1938. Based upon primary sources produced during this period, it explores how the Nationalist Party utilised the NLM for the purposes of national reconstruction and social mobilisation. The first section analyses how elements of anti-communism, Christianity and state Confucianism came into play in the NLM; the second section analyses how the Nationalists reinforced the idea of ‘hygienic modernity’ by projecting it into the realms of state building and mass mobilisation; the third section discusses the changes introduced in society by the Nationalists with the creation of semi-governmental organisations; and the fourth section examines the involvement of the NLM with preparation for the war against Japan (1937–1945). The paper argues that the NLM had a lasting impact on Chinese society, and it contributed to shape citizenship and national identity.
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    51 references, page 1 of 6

    Han-ming), New Life for Kiangsi (Shanghai: The China Publishing Company, 1935),

    pp. 175-176. 7 'Jiang Jieshi: Xinyun zhounian jinian gao quanguo tongbaoshu [Chiang Kai-

    Movement]', 19 February 1935, in Zhongguo di'er lishi dang'an guan (ed.), Zhonghua

    hereafter ZMSDZH], ser. 5, pt 1, Politics (5 vols.), (Nanjing, China: Jiangsu guji

    chubanshe, 1994), vol. 5, pp. 774-775. 8 Douglas R. Reynolds, China 1898-1912: The Xinzheng Revolution and Japan,

    (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1993), p. 62. 9 Quoted in Ibid., pp. 62-63. 23 By July 1934, Yang Yongtai's position seemed to be further strengthened and

    destroying 10 Italian planes at the Nanchang Airport in June 1934 to cover up a case

    of embezzlement. Sun Caixia (1997), pp. 218-219, 225-226. 24 Xin shenghuo yundong cujin zonghui (ed.), Minguo ershisan nian Xin shenghuo

    yundong zong baogao (General Report on the New Life Movement, 1934), (Xin shenghuo

    yundong cujin zonghui chuban, 1935), p. 112; hereafter XSYB-1934. 25 XSYB-1934, pp. 112-113. 26 Ibid., pp. 140, 143, 144. 27 Ibid. Figures gathered from table 4, pp. 43-51. 28 Xin shenghuo yundong cujin zonghui (ed.), Minguo ershisi nian quanguo Xin shenghuo

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