GIS for all: exploring the barriers and opportunities for underexploited GIS applications
Geographical Information Systems have been existed\ud since the early 1960s, but evidence suggests that\ud adoption of GIS technologies still remains relatively\ud low in many sectors. We will explore both the barriers\ud that affect the utilisation of GIS and opportunities\ud to overcome these barriers. As part of this exploration\ud we performed a literature review, collected responses\ud from quantitative questionnaire survey and\ud interviewed a range of technical and domain experts.\ud Having analysed and collated the results of these\ud studies we have identified ways forward for future\ud research and development to facilitate wider spread\ud adoption and exploitation of GIS applications. Our\ud discussion focuses on the importance of open-source\ud GIS software, open data and cloud computing as key\ud mediators for breaking the barriers and promoting\ud the wider appropriation of GIS based solutions.