Behavioural and ecological aspects of black tufted-ear marmosets, Callithrix penicillata (Geoffroy, 1812) (Primates: Callitrichidae) in a semi-urban environment

Article English OPEN
Santos, M ; Duarte, M ; Young, RJ
  • Publisher: Sociedade Brasileira de Etologia

The black tufted-ear marmoset (Callithrix penicillata) is a small Neotropical primate, which lives in various types of environments from Cerrado (Brazilian savannah), Atlantic forest to urban areas. Research shows that food availability influences home range size, group size, population density and the behaviour of marmoset groups in the wild. The objective of this study was to investigate the behaviour of C. penicillata in an urbanized habitat, and the influence of (estimated) food availability on home range size, group size and population density. This study was performed through direct behavioural observation (84 hours) on four wild groups of marmosets living within the grounds of Belo Horizonte Zoological garden, Minas Gerais, Brazil. The results show that, despite living in an urban habitat, these marmosets presented home range size (2.85ha), group size (mean=5.7 ind.) and population density (2.19 ind/ha) values in the range found in wild-living conspecifics. The animals studied spent a considerable percentage of their time travelling (22.45%); resting (16.58%), inactive alert (14.95%) and feeding (6.74%). These results showed that behavioural activity repertoires were also found to be similar to wild-living conspecifics and therefore demonstrate the species adaptation capacity in urban environment.
  • References (30)
    30 references, page 1 of 3

    Apelgren, K. N., Frim, D. M., Harling-Berg, C. J., Gander, P. H., & M.C. Moore-Ede. (1985). Efectiveness on cyclic intragastric feeding as a circadian Zeitgeber in the squirrel monkey. Physiology & Behaviour, 34, 335- 340.

    Box, H. O. (1991). Responsiveness to environmental change: interrelationships among parameters p. 57-74. In H. O. Box (Ed.), Primate Responses to Environmental Change. London, Chapman and Hall.

    Castro, C. S. S. (2003). Tamanho da área de vida e padrão de uso do espaço em grupos de sagüis, Callithrix jacchus (Linnaeus) (Primates, Callitrichidae). Revista Brasileira de Zoologia, 20, 91-96.

    Dawson, G. A. (1979). The use of the time and space by the Panamanian tamarins, Saguinus oedipus. Folia Primatologica, 39, 253-284.

    Duarte, M. H. L. (2010). Vizinhos barulhentos: vamos mudar de casa? O caso do mico-estrela. Dissertação de Mestrado, Programa de Pós-graduação e Zoologia dos Vertebrados, Pontifícia Universidade de Minas Gerais, Brasil.

    Duarte, M .H. L., Vecci, M. A., Hirsch, A., & Young, R. J. (2011). Noisy human neighbours afect where urban monkeys live. Biology letters, 7, 849-842.

    Faria, D. S. (1986). Tamanho, composição de um grupo social e a área de vivência (home range) do sagüi Callithrix jacchus penicillata na mata ciliar do córrego Capetinga, Brasília, DF p. 87-105. In M.T. Mello (Ed.). A Primatologia no Brasil 2. Brasilia, Sociedade Brasileira de Primatologia.

    Faria, D. S. (1989). O estudo de campo com mico estrela no Planalto Central Brasileiro p. 109-121. In C. Ades (Ed.). Etologia de animais e de homens. São Paulo, USP.

    Rylands, A. B. (1981). Preliminary field observations on the marmosets Callithrix humeralifer intermedius (Hershkovitz, 1977) at Dardanelos, Rio Aripuanã, Mato Grosso. Primates, 22, 46-59.

    Fonseca, G. A. B., Lacher, T. E. Jr., Alves C. Jr., & Magalhães-Castro, B. (1980). Some ecological aspects of free-living black tufted-ear marmosets (Callithrix jacchus penicillata). Antropologia Contemporâneo, 3, 197.

  • Metrics
    0
    views in OpenAIRE
    0
    views in local repository
    143
    downloads in local repository

    The information is available from the following content providers:

    From Number Of Views Number Of Downloads
    University of Salford Institutional Repository - IRUS-UK 0 143
Share - Bookmark