Illuminating Lesser Garth Cave, Cardiff: the human\ud remains and post-Roman archaeology in context

Article English OPEN
Madgwick, Richard ; Redknap, Mark ; Davies, Brian (2016)
  • Publisher: Cambrian Archaeological Society
  • Subject: CC
    mesheuropmc: humanities | social sciences

During a series of relatively poorly documented excavations carried out during 1912–14 and\ud 1963–64 human bone was recovered from Lesser Garth Cave near Cardiff. Published reports of the\ud cave investigations focused on the artefactual evidence, and the wide range of possible dates and\ud interpretations concerning the human bones have failed to provide a reliable basis for understanding\ud the significance of the remains within the cave’s biography. This paper presents new scientific evidence\ud regarding the human remains including findings from full osteological analysis, targeted carbon,\ud nitrogen, oxygen and strontium isotope analysis and a programme of radiocarbon dating. Analysis\ud records seven individuals, with a minimum of five if the fifty-year excavation gap is ignored. The\ud radiocarbon dates suggest intermittent human presence in the cave from the post-Roman to the postmedieval\ud periods. The paper also offers a reappraisal of post-Roman artefacts, and re-assessment of\ud this site in the context of the diverse ways in which caves are now understood to have been used during\ud this period.
  • References (93)
    93 references, page 1 of 10

    Ahronson, K., 2003. 'One North Atlantic cave settlement: preliminary archaeological and environmental investigations at Seljaland, southern Iceland', in K. Ahronson (ed.), 'Atlantic Peoples between Fire, Ice, River and Sea: Past Environments in Southern Iceland', special issues, Northern Studies 37, 53-70.

    Ahronson, K. and Charles-Edwards, T. M., 2010. 'Prehistoric annals and early medieval monasticism: Daniel Wilson, James Young Simpson and their cave sites', Antiquaries Journal 90, 455-66.

    Ahronson, K., Gillies, W. and Hunter, F., 2006. 'Early Christian activity at Scottish cave sites', Church Archaeology 7-9, 123-5.

    Alcock, L., 1959. 'Dark Age objects of Irish origin from Lesser Garth Cave', Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies 18, 221-7.

    Aldhouse-Green, S., 2012. 'The Pontnewydd people, their cave and their world', in S. Aldhouse-Green, R. Peterson and Elizabeth A. Walker (eds), Neanderthals in Wales. Pontnewydd and the Elwy Valley Caves (Oxford: Oxbow Books), 327-44.

    Ambrose, S. H., 1993. 'Isotopic analysis and paleodiets: methodological and interpretative considerations', in M. K. Sandford (ed.), Investigation of Ancient Human Tissue: Chemical Analyses in Anthropology (Langhhorne: Gordon and Breach Science Publishers), 59-130.

    Arias, P. and Ontañón, R., 2012. 'La Garma (Spain): long-term human activity in a Karst system', in Bergsvik and Skeates 2012, 101-17.

    Bergsvik, K. A. and Skeates, R. (eds), 2012. Cave in Context. The Cultural Significance of Caves and Rockshelters in Europe (Oxford: Oxbow Books).

    Birck, J. L., 1986. 'Precision K-Rb-Sr isotopic analysis: application to Rb-Sr chronology', Chemical Geology 56, 73-83.

    Boon, G. C., 1967. 'The coins', in G. J. Wainwright, Coygan Camp. A Prehistoric, Romano-British and Dark Age Settlement in Carmarthenshire (Carmarthen: Cambrian Archaeological Association), 110-26.

  • Related Research Results (1)
    Inferred
    East Anglian Archaeology (2016)
    45%
  • Metrics
    0
    views in OpenAIRE
    0
    views in local repository
    106
    downloads in local repository

    The information is available from the following content providers:

    From Number Of Views Number Of Downloads
    Online Research @ Cardiff - IRUS-UK 0 106
Share - Bookmark